posted 4 days ago on metafilter
Bad Gays is a podcast series about bad gay men in history... mostly. ("Bad" and "gay" can both be slippery terms when discussing historical figures, as the hosts are often quick to point out.) With episodes ranging from Ernst Röhm to J. Edgar Hoover to Fredrick the Great, hosts Huw Lemmey and Ben Miller argue that telling the story of why complicated figures do terrible things can allow us to host better conversations about what it means to be gay--and good.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
Sure, you can use a riding lawnmower to cut grass. But you can also slap on a helmet, put together a pit crew and race. Yes, lawnmower racing is a thing, and it is extraordinary. Think NASCAR or Formula 1—just a bit slower. In England, the British Lawn Mower Racing Association oversees the sport. Great Big Story followed the members of the Who's Racing team as they compete in a grueling 12-hour endurance race in Five Oaks, England. Get ready to witness the Greatest Show on Turf. via kottke.org

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
My birthday is December 28, and that's the day my drivers' license expires. I'm flying domestically on the 23rd and returning the 31st. I can get through the license renewal process before I leave, but I'm not at all sure I will have the new license. Is this a problem? Previous Asks on this are either different or very old.The TSA page confuses me. It says that you can travel on an expired license for up to 12 months, but then it also seems to say you need two other pieces of ID, including photo. I have no other photo ID. In fact, I have no other ID of any kind except a passport that expired literally decades ago. I assume I'll get something indicating I've renewed my license. Will that be enough? Aside from trying to get my license renewed as quickly as possible, is there anything else I can or should do?

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
In 1904, Ethopia's Emperor Menelik II (Wikipedia) presented two monkeys, two ostriches, one zebra, and one lioness to President Theodore Roosevelt (New York Times archive). The zebra, later named Dan, was paired with a number of female horses, in the goal of making a more docile saddle and pack animal that could also survive in Africa. Dan would have none of it, and stopped an ill-fated government breeding program in its tracks (Smithsonian Magazine). But this wasn't the only attempt to make a zebroid (Wikipedia). There were some early breeding successes in the U.S., as seen in this digital copy of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle from March 1906, but they worked best in harness, as might have been the case for the earliest era of horse taming and domestication (Wikipedia). These efforts followed Scottish zoologist James Cossar Ewart's Penicuick Experiments in animal breeding that started around the years 1894-95 (Towards Dolly: Edinburgh, Roslin and the Birth of Modern Genetics blog post). Some of his work in cross-breeding zebra with horses and donkeys was documented in Nature in 1899, in the article "The Penycuik Experiments" (abstract with link to full PDF), where it is noted that the zebroids, when inoculated with tsetse organism (trypanosomiasis - Wikipedia), did not survive. Still, people continue to breed zebra hybids (Mentalfloss), and properly raised and trained, zebra hybrids can be worked under saddle (LoveLongEars.com, the American Donkey & Mule Society (ADMS)).

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
The voice of Roxette, Frediksson died on the 9th of December. Roxette sold more than 75 million albums and were the best-selling Swedish act after ABBA. Not bad for a group who only broke out internationally after an American exchange artist passed on their cassette to a radio station. Fredriksson had been a successful musician before joining Per Gessle in 1986 to form a band after Gessles' former group had failed to break the US, even after changing their name to Roxette after a Dr. Feelgood song. Both of them had individual careers and had worked together before becoming an official duo. Fredriksson continued to release solo work while with Roxette, and it wasn't until 1988's Look Sharp! that they began to break through beyond Sweden; their track The Look charted in the Billboard Hot 100 when the band didn't even have an American recording contract. One of their biggest hits was originally an album track from their debut album Pearls of Passion, recorded after EMI Germany requested "an intelligent Christmas song". It Must Have been Love (Christmas for the Broken-Hearted) was over two years old by the time the producers of the Pretty Woman soundtrack approached Gessle for a song, and he offered it to them because Roxette were "too busy" to write and record a new one. Allegedly the producers initially rejected it before adding it to the movie. The incredible success of arguably "the greatest 80s power ballad of them all" owes a lot to Fredriksson's crisp, controlled vocals. (Personally, when it comes to their ballads I was always a sucker for Fading Like a Flower). Look Sharp! was one of their many snappily-titled albums, which included Crash! Boom! Bang!, Charm School, Room Service, Have a Nice Day, and their greatest hits collection: Don't Bore Us - Get to the Chorus! Fredriksson grew up in a tiny village called Össjö, which as of 2005 had a population of 192. Her father was the postman, and he'd take her along on his route and sing to her. She begun singing as a teen and was part of a punk band called Strul in the late 70s, and performed the single Ki-i-ai-oo on Swedish TV in 1981. In 1994 she married music producer Mikael Bolyos and they had two children. In 2018 she released a jazzy single, Sing Me A Song: My life is such a dream/All that I see/The love I had and gave/Makes it hard to say goodbye.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
A friend has requested a KonMari method starter kit as a gift. Help me choose some organizational accessories to include!Obviously I will purchase the book, but I am wondering: if you read the book or watched Marie Kondo's show, what organizational accessories did you immediately run out and purchase? What do you still use and love? Thank you!

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
What should a rabidly left leaning person know about possibly moving to Arkansas.I'm in a job search phase and I find myself pondering an opportunity in north western Arkansas, around Fayetteville, we'd be moving from the NY area. Culturally/politically I'm pretty darn far to the left. My wife has deep faith in humanity and assumes everything will be fine. I'm less convinced, I've been on the receiving end of being the oddball atheist among Christians when I was a kid, it wasn't awesome. I'm also super ignorant and maybe it'd be fine. I would just love to hear thoughts or input. What should I be thinking about, looking into, etc?

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
I've had trouble sleeping for a long time (mostly waking up too early), but recently, I've barely been sleeping at all. I can't fall asleep until the last couple of hours before the morning, and I'm unable to take naps. I'm so exhausted right now that it seems like my body can't relax enough to fall asleep. I think I may need some short-term medication to get back on track (melatonin didn't help when I tried it the other night, nor did diphenhydramine the next night, nor did lorazepam last night.)I did use Ambien a decade ago in another bad bout of sleeplessness, but I had a weird experience with it, and I'm interested in trying something else. I'm going to ask the doctor for recommendations for medicine, but do you have any? I'm also open to other non-drug suggestions, though I think I'm familiar with most tips. I've been trying yoga before I go to bed, etc. Some challenges: it isn't possible to fully block light from outside of my studio apartment, I don't have anywhere to really hang out outside my bed if sleep isn't working, and there are some noise issues from the neighbors. But the main reason I think I'm having trouble is just intense anxiety about not sleeping. I'm having trouble not thinking about insomnia or worrying about the future, as the situation right now is 100% affecting my work.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
I want to request ADA accomodation at my workplace. I have never done this before. How does this process work?For context, you can look at my previous few questions. Basically, I started a new job in September and while I enjoy the work and have gotten good feedback from my boss, I am finding that the open office environment is not a good fit for me, as the level of noise is severely disrupting my ability to focus and get my work done. I have managed open office environments with no issues in past jobs, but I haven't been in an open office for nearly five years, and major traumatic events in my personal life over the past two years have left me with C-PTSD, diagnosed officially this year. The volume and content of the noise in the office makes me anxious, hyper-vigilent, and distressed, and I have taken to wearing headphones nearly 6 out of 8 hours during the day just to block the noise out so I can do my job and perform well. Other folks in this office occasionally wear headphones, but I'm the only one who has them on for the majority of the day. It's easy to get my attention if needed while I have them on, so I don't miss important information and am always willing and able to talk with someone who needs something from me. I always take them off when my phone rings, or when the boss comes to our work area to speak to us. But otherwise, I have them on. On days when I don't wear them I get stressed out and on a couple of occasions I have had full blown panic attacks (in the ladies room, out of view till I've recovered), and I'm extremely fragile and shaky for the rest of the day. Unfortunately, even though nobody has said anything outright, I get the feeling just from little comments that I overheard that people are finding it weird that I'm always wearing headphones, like I am purposefully isolating myself (and I am) because I don't like any of them (which is not the case). I am about 7-10 years older than many of my colleagues and I think I am getting a reputation as a stick in the mud who hates fun, when in reality I'm just trying to fucking survive and do my work well so I can support myself and pay my bills and for my medical treatment. They don't need to know those specifics, but I am beginning to think that I should preemptively ask for official accommodations (regarding the headphones) so as to prevent this from becoming something that holds me back or puts my job in jeopardy before I have a chance to find another job where the cultural fit is better. My psychiatrist is more than happy to provide whatever documentation is necessary for this. My questions are: 1) is this a good idea? 2) how do I go about getting officially documented ccomodations? go straight to HR? talk to my manager first? 3) once I have documented accomodation, how does this impact my day to day life in this office? people are probably still going to snark about my headphones since it's not like I'm going to announce to the whole place that I have a debilitating mental health condition. do I just live with that, knowing that at least management knows I'm in the clear and it won't impact my performance reviews or anything else? Looking for advice specifically from those who have successfully asked for accomodations at work, and HR people who have fielded these requests. Thanks in advance.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
I want to set-up my home office to maximize productivity when working from home. What set-ups and products (especially monitors and docking stations) do you recommend?At work, I currently have two side-by-side Dell UltraSharp 24" monitors, which are plugged into a Lenovo laptop docking station. This works well for me -- I do a lot of document and spreadsheet comparison for my job. At home, I tried configuring an older HDMI TV to my laptop, but this caused eyestrain and headaches. I want to have about as much screen space as I do at work, with minimal eye strain. Ideally, I'd like a single monitor in the sub-$250 range. Beyond monitors, what other products have enhanced your home office set-up?

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
" In jurisdictions with lax laws and willing judges, jail is the logical endpoint of a system that has automated the steps from high bills to debt to court, and that has given collectors power that is often unchecked. I spent several weeks this summer in Coffeyville, reviewing court files, talking to dozens of patients and interviewing those who had sued them. Though the district does not track how many of these cases end in arrest, I found more than 30 warrants issued against medical debt defendants. At least 11 people were jailed in the past year alone." Welcome to Coffeyville, Kansas, where the judge has no law degree, debt collectors get a cut of the bail, and Americans are watching their lives — and liberty — disappear in the pursuit of medical debt collection. (ProPublica)

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
My kiddo has some mild special needs. He is improving, but I find myself finding it really hard to cope, and would love some suggestions.I don't want to go too much into the special needs, but they are primarily speech/language based, and my child is 4. But this isn't a question about him -- it's about me. My main difficulties are: 1. Uncertainty. Will this get better? Will this not? Will he thrive in a regular school? Will he ever tell me a story? I think if I had a firmer diagnosis with a prognosis this might be better -- but we're still in the maybe/maybe not zone. 2. Am I doing enough? We have therapists, but I am always trying to spend every second of my time with him doing something that push forward his development. It is exhausting and stressful and I find I haven't enjoyed any of my 1:1 time with him for a long time. (I try REALLY HARD to make this fun -- almost always learning through playing, and I try hard not to show my anxiety though I can't say he doesn't pick it up.) My parents were visiting us recently and they said that they could feel my stress levels through the roof about this. 3. Over-research. This leads to me spending hours every night researching new activities/new therapists/approaches/academic articles. This is exhausting, and it really bothers my husband, because talking about this eats up time that is supposed to be nice. (My husband btw does not think this is a big deal -- I want to agree with him, but he is really optimistic person in general and if it were up to him, we would do nothing at all. He feels that we overdiagnose kids who are just on their own path.) 4. Competition. My kiddo is noticeably behind other kids. He is doing great, and if it's just him, I can be proud of how far he's come. But this is totally different when we're around his peers. I have a lot of friends with kids, and we have a lot of playdates - I now find these awful because all I do is compare. My kid has a good time and enjoys his friends a lot, and I think it's good for him to be around typically developing kids, but it is painful. And my friends often tell stories about their kids that unwittingly hurt my feelings ("Amelia told me this crazy story about a planet in a far away world with day glo pirates . . .") 5. This also crazily makes it even hard to be with my own younger kiddo who is typically developing and catching up with her sibling. She is so delightful, but it is also upsetting. I spend less time with her because (see above) always trying to give 1:1 with my son. 6. I read too much into everything. When my kid is badly behaved, I think it's another sign of a disorder (rather than kid bad behavior.) He has lots of friends, great, but he can sometimes be inappropriate/rude with strangers (even poking them when he's tired) and this freaks me out even though it doesn't happen very often so I overreact. I know a lot of this is about me being a perfectionist. I know that this is about me having an idea of what a person should be (I'm not proud of this.) I had PPD for well over a year, and I blame myself for a lot of this. I have done some therapy which has revealed the roots of this, but I'm still struggling. Maybe I should continue, maybe I need drugs, who knows? But it is sucking a lot of my joy out of being a parent (and inadvertently, my husband's experience.) Would love personal stories, ideas for books to read, ways to cope, etc. that can help me accept the situation and work on it without it making me so sad.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
How would you pronounce the name 'Acer'? With a soft c like 'ace-er' or a hard c like 'acre', and with a long or short 'a' (or another way)? I would assume a soft c, but it's from the Latin for maple tree, so I'm not sure if that would make it a hard c? No idea if Latin would be long or short a. Also related, do you know if it has any negative meanings in languages other than English? Considering it for a middle name.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
What would it take to prevent email/phone spoofing, joejobbing etc?There are numerous questions on MF and elsewhere about people having their email address or phone number spoofed by hackers/spammers, joejobbing, etc. Why is it apparently so easy for hackers/spammers to spoof people's email address/phone numbers? More importantly, what would it take, technically, to totally prevent this? Is it something the phone companies or the email providers have to do or would it require completely changing the Internet/international phone system? And why isn't it done?

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
About two months ago I bought some Honeycrisp apples from a local big store that were packaged in a plastic clamshell box with spots for each apple. When I opened the package I was hit by a smell of what seemed to me to be like vinyl (like when you buy a new cheap plastic shower curtain). More within... I called the store to ask about it and they hadn't heard of any other reports of that smell. I was going to return them but my husband (who doesn't really....pay a lot of attention to the wholesomeness of what he's eating to be honest) ate them. I assumed it was a one off problem with the packaging so didn't do more, but this last week I bought different apples (cosmic crisp this time) from a different store that were loose (from a bin, not in packaging) and they also have a faint smell of vinyl to me. It does go away if I wash them but I'm concerned they'd smell like that at all. Is anyone else here experiencing this? This is in the NW USA, and I'd also like to know, if I smell this again and the produce people don't give me a satisfactory answer as to what it is, who do I report this to as far as food safety? I do want to say I've never experienced this before, it's disconcerting.

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
We are currently fostering a friend's cat, and we really like the cat. It has a personality very well suited to what we want in a cat. The catch is that sometime next year we will likely move from China to America, and I'm currently swimming in bureaucracy and don't want to add to that. I want to find a company to help manage the process that doesn't cost an arm and a leg...and will make it as un-traumatic as possible as the cat.I'm not really sure what the best options are. I did some googling and there are a ton of companies that do this, I even contacted one...and it was 4500USD. I realize that the cat has to get a plane ticket etc, so it won't be cheap, but 4500USD is quite expensive for a cat...so I'm curious if anyone can recommend anything. I mean, we _can_ do it on our own, but we'd need to do bureaucratic stuff here, bureaucratic stuff in the US (the cat would need to be quarantined), and whatnot, and my life is really swimming in bureaucracy at the moment and I just don't want to take on any more if I can avoid it. Plus, I feel bad for the cat having to be stuffed in a small space for 12 hours :( though maybe that's unavoidable... Regardless, looking for advice! If there are ways to do it myself that would reduce the trauma to the cat, I'd welcome that too!

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posted 4 days ago on metafilter
WARNING EXTREMELY NEW YORKER Culturally speaking, the twenty-tens were an age of abundance—of proliferating streaming services and "peak TV," of Twitter and Instagram, YouTube and TikTok. And it wasn't just new media: books are as abundant as ever, the supposed death of print be damned. All of this may test our cultural recall: How can we make sense of an era that we struggle even to remember? Here's an actual test to get you started. AGAIN YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I have a spare laptop I could use, I don't want to be able to view the videos online, I can aim a camera out my front window. I'd just like to see what's happening during the day when I'm not around. Apparently I have a pet vandal and I'd like to know who it is, but it would really irk me to have to spend a lot of money because of this creep. Got any simple suggestions on how to make this happen?Someone has been messing with my front garden. It started small years ago, with a few branches snapped that overhang the fence, but it's been slowly escalating, branches broken well into my yard, lawn signs kicked over, and recently they have gone too far. A few weeks ago they went all over the yard and sawed off all the low branches on one tree, cut down a sapling, and left the discarded branches on the lawn. Most of the people in my neighborhood are really nice, so I'd hate to accuse anyone falsely, but I'd really like to politely tell whoever has been doing this to stay the hell off my property. I imagine that I could aim a camera out the window, capture the images on the laptop, and review the video whenever I notice something has been disturbed. So, what hardware/software should I use?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Kehinde Wiley's Rumors of War unveiled in Richmond NPR: New Statue Unveiled In Response To Richmond's Confederate Monuments Washington Post: In the capital of the Confederacy, a new monument and a chance to change the narrative Meet the muse for Kehinde Wiley's 'Rumors of War' The face of "Rumors of War" is a composite of six different people; the artist didn't want the sculpture to represent only one identity, but rather black American men at large. But the body of the sculpture is based on Najee Wilson, a 32-year-old artist's model living in Brooklyn who is originally from Charleston, S.C. Kehinde Wiley's Rumors of War is a response to Fred Moynihan's statue of Confederate General J.E.B. Stewart on display a few blocks away on Richmond's Monument Avenue. The statue of Stewart was a inspired by John Henry Foley's statue of Sir James Outram displayed in Kolkata, India which was also reinterpreted by a statue honoring Subhas Chandra Bose, a hero of the Indian independence movement. In 2018, Richmond's Monument Avenue Commission recommended removal of the nearby Jefferson Davis monument and additional signage to reinterpreting the street's four other statues honoring the Confederacy. The Jefferson Davis monument remains on Monument Avenue as Virginia law prohibits the statue's removal.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I work in education, and it's a big part of the culture to discuss norms before every meeting. One team member always says the guiding norm should be to assume best intention, but that really rubs me the wrong way and I need help rephrasing the sentiment.I am not a fan of "assume best intentions" because I've found that it has a tendency to give people a pass. So there's entitled behavior, sexism, racism, all sorts of generally obnoxious behavior and it ends up getting a pass and undermines diversity because you know, let's assume best intentions. Here's a situation (not real): Kevin in the school library books a Scholastic book fair to fundraise and get books for the library, and the team says that creates serious equity issues they would prefer we not fundraise this way. Kevin gets fighty and says he's just raising money and why are we not assuming best intentions, and Karen responds that best intentions doesn't mean you get to run with thoughtless ideas all the time (apparently there's history here) because you're an entitled white man who doesn't understand rural poverty. This type of thing happens weekly in this district where I work, and I'd like us to move beyond this assuming best intention area into something slightly more helpful. What are other guiding norms that successful teams use that encourage thought and responsibility and vulnerability?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
When I have x-rated fun, I often have to fake my orgasm. I'm feeling ashamed and think I might be asexual. This isn't the first time. Would highly love some advice about this.Note: I'm going to try my best to keep this clean, but this might not be NSFW, just as a heads up. I've noticed over the years, as a self-identifying bisexual (leaning more to men) male, I have a very hard time finishing up when I'm with another guy. Often, I had to fake my orgasms or admit defeat. I just couldn't finish the deed, sadly. It's actually VERY rare that I'm able to 'let go' with someone. I don't think it's my actual sex drive, though, because I have no problem with self-pleasure at all. I'm perfectly capable of doing that and have no problems at all, both with the frequency and actual deed. I suspect this is a combination of my anxiety and low self esteem. I've been working a lot this year on my self-esteem and calibrating past issues or mistakes, and been making a lot of progress, but when it comes to x-rated fun/sex, unfortunately, I haven't really had a chance to focus on that area. I'm a bit concerned because I'm getting old, my sex drive is fading a bit (normal for men in my age range), and I want to have fun, but I often find myself resisting requests to have fun because I know I'd probably just have to fake it. I don't feel comfortable 'letting go' and becoming comfortable and enjoying it, if that makes sense. When I'm with a guy, I feel nervous and tense when we're doing it. It happens with all guys, regardless of how nice they are. It's not them, it's me. Three main incidents, I suspect, contributed to this. 1) In college, a very long time ago, I was assaulted. A guy did something to me after I explicitly asked him not to do that specific act. 2) About ten years ago, I was having fun with one man, when all of a sudden, he said he had to leave and didn't feel comfortable. After he left, he texted me in disbelief and said "I couldn't believe I did this with someone like you" and promptly blocked me on all social media. That really, really hurt (especially as I had self-esteem issues with my appearance at the time), and it took me a while to recover from it. 3) I had fun with a male friend who visited my roommate when I was living with a group of people many moons ago. Unknown to me, this male was seeing another roommate of mine. Next day, my roommate angrily pounded on my door and demanded to know why I had fun with him. This was a very uncomfortable situation. The roommate said he warned me that the male friend was his, but I didn't realize it (he was metaphorical about it and unclear, so I did not understand what he was trying to say... it was a genuine mistake on my part). Add to that I grew up sheltered and wasn't taught to be open-minded about sex, etc., and here I am. I don't think I had much positive experiences with sex. Tonight, I had x-rated fun with a guy who was very kind-mannered. We had a good time, he was hot, all that, but even with all those positive factors, I was still unable to relax enough to orgasm, even with alcohol. I had to fake it. I realized now that I felt ashamed and guilty that I had to keep faking orgasms, and I really want to resolve this so I can really enjoy x-rated fun (while I still can biologically and physically). I'm not sure if I'm asexual or not, because I have no problems with self-pleasure, so any advice would be helpful. If you can point me to any good advice, thoughts, or even resources, that'd be wonderful! A therapist might not be financially viable for me, as right now I'm sorta in-between jobs, but I'm totally open to any input or anecdotes. Thank you!

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
So I have no idea where I heard this (I'm assuming via podcast or audiobook), but it was a couple years back and I'd like to listen again. Basically, it was a bit by a black woman about dating a man and how he could mistreat her when he didn't even know how to read. I believe the punch line was "that motherf*cker can't read!" Going blank on everything else. Help?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
There are two white chairs with unusual wood armrests in this clip from Grey's Anatomy. I'm interested in seeing their cost and if they come in other colors, but my Google-fu is failing me.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
35 years later, the Bhopal disaster continues to destroy lives: "It would be better if there was another gas leak which could kill us all and put us all out of this misery," said Omwati Yadav, 67, who can see the Union Carbide factory from the roof of her tiny one-room stone house, painted peppermint green with orange doors. Her body shaking with sobs, she cries out: "Thirty five years we have suffered through this, please just let it end. This is not life, this is not death, we are in the terrible place in between." [Photos] Previously on Metafilter: 20 years on, "Dow" accepts responsibility, 25 years on On the historical context: This week marks the 35th anniversary of the disaster yet the injustice suffered by the people of Bhopal remains stark and unrelenting. The official death toll is still disputed but an estimated 574,000 were poisoned that night and upwards of 20,000 people have died since from related conditions. No one from Union Carbide was ever tried for the gross negligence that led to the gas explosion, despite multiple criminal charges being brought against them in India. No cleanup operation of the chemical waste – which was already being dumped into the local community before the explosion – has ever been conducted. Surveys done by the Bhopal campaign groups have shown this toxic waste, which according to their tests contains six of the persistent organic pollutants banned by the UN for their highly poisonous impacts on the environment and human health, has now reached 42 areas in Bhopal and continues to spread. The pond where Union Carbide used to dump the chemicals sits festering and untouched, with children and wild pigs running on about on its banks. On the intersectional nature of the Bhopal disaster: The data also suggests that the explosion has had a particularly adverse effect on women exposed to the gas, even as babies just days old, causing high rates of infertility, stillbirths, abortions, early menopause and wreaking havoc on menstrual cycles. As a result, many women in Bhopal continue to be abandoned by their husbands, believed not to be capable of fulfilling the familial duties expected of them. On the multigenerational injustice: Yet it is the lasting impact on the second and third generation, and on those yet unborn that haunts those in Bhopal the most. The Chingari children's centre, established for those born with disabilities as a consequence of the disaster, has registered over 1,000 children, with most affected by cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, autism, intellectual disabilities and severe learning difficulties. "This is the terrible legacy of Bhopal: all of these children were born to parents, or even grandparents, who were in contact with the gas that night," said Rashida Bee, the centre's founder. "The situation is getting worse, not better. We are seeing more and more second and third generation children being born with such disabilities and coming here. Bhopal's tragedy has not stopped." On those who have shielded perpetrators in India: Justice has indeed remained elusive for the victims of Bhopal. A 1989 compensation deal, now widely panned as shamefully inadequate, saw most victims given just 25,000 rupees (£275), while some received nothing at all. None of the nine Indian officials who were convicted in 2010 for their role in the disaster served any time behind bars, while Union Carbide has never appeared in court. [...] The Indian government has also been accused of working against the victims by kowtowing to corporate interests. In 2015, while on a visit to the US, Indian prime minister Narendra Modi met with officials from Dow Chemicals. Contacted by the Guardian for this story, Dharmendra Kumar Madan, joint secretary at the ministry of chemicals, which is responsible for Bhopal, refused to comment, stating simply: "I am not concerned with this issue." ...And in America, across over three decades of administrations: Classified emails released as part of WikiLeaks show that in 2010, when the Indian government pushed to reopen the compensation settlement for Bhopal victims, Robert Hormats, who served as President Obama's under secretary of state for economic growth, energy, and the environment, met with then Indian cabinet minister Montek Ahluwalia to communicate that it would "look really bad to reopen a settlement". Hormats is now vice president of Kissinger Associates, the geopolitical consulting firm set up by former US secretary of state Henry Kissinger, who took on Union Carbide as a client following the disaster and lobbied on their behalf for years after. State department documents also reveal that in his 2010 visit to India, President Barack Obama specifically did not meet with NGOs dealing with Bhopal out of fear of stoking the issue and that a key objective of the visit was instead to stress his "support for Dow's business in India." US government intervention continues to this day. On six separate occasions between 2014 and 2019, the US Department of Justice has simply not passed on the summons for Dow Chemical to appear in the Bhopal Court on criminal charges of sheltering a fugitive, their subsidiary company Union Carbide. This is seen by campaigners as a direct violation of the treaty of mutual legal assistance between the US and India, and has ensured Dow Chemical has never appeared in the courts to answer the criminal charges. And finally, on the dwindling numbers of survivors left to fight for justice: Each anniversary brings a smaller onslaught of attention to Bhopal but the tragedy remains the same. In JP Nagar, eight people have died in the past two months of diseases related to gas exposure, including two of the key activists who have led the fight for justice for Bhopal. Sitting in her small home, furnished only with a wardrobe and a single plastic chair, Leela Bai Ahivwar, 70, still remembers the night of the explosion with anguish and said the past 35 years since has been "only pain". She lost both her son and daughter to diseases connected to their gas exposure. "I no longer have any hope for justice. We walked to Delhi twice in protest, and for what," says Ahivwar. "Almost everyone is gone now. Maybe at last it will be my turn next." Another Bhopal life then, defined only by death.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
So this weekend I went for a Japanese road trip and used Google Maps as my GPS as I usually do. Except on the way there my provider cut my data due to a mixup. "No problem," I thought, "I have the map saved offline." Except it was. GoogleMaps didn't provide update my location while we were moving. Only whenever I stopped and put in the route again. So in the future, how DO I use GM in this way? Or CAN you?

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