posted 2 days ago on metafilter
My UU church has a women's group - each month one attendee volunteers to host. The host provides some food, comes up with the topic or activity for the group, and kind of "leads" on the night. I am hosting next month's meeting and I have no idea what to do...help?Usually, the theme is something sort of relevant to women / spirituality / personal growth and the host comes up with 2-3 questions or jumping off points, then we go around and share our responses. Occasionally we do an activity (i.e. tarot card reading, annual clothing swap, etc) or a craft, but the craft is usually related to a topic rather than just for crafting's sake (for example, we recently talked about altars and sacred objects and each decorated a box to take home). I am not good at coming up with this kind of abstract stuff but it's a wonderful supportive group and I would love some ideas that could be fun or get a good discussion going. Some themes we have done in the past year so I don't want to repeat: nurturing / mothering (this sparked a lot of emotional labor discussion), vulnerability, how to handle big transitions, family holiday rituals, resilience against adversity. I'd be up for leading a craft, I'm just not sure how to make it self-contained and make sure everyone can participate (ability levels vary). Sometimes people "teach" a bit based on their own religious beliefs (like we have a Pagan member who has led short rituals) but I'm basically atheist/agnostic so I don't really feel able to do that. Possibly relevant details: not sure who will be attending in advance but it's usually 5-10 women, age range from early 30's to mid-70's, a mix of family/marital status, sexual orientations and religious backgrounds. A few potential attendees are not able to walk or have chronic pain. Generally it's a safe space and our regular attendees do tend to share some pretty personal stuff, but we are also happy for people to participate as much or as little as they want to (I will make this clear as the host). Thanks in advance :)

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
A Conversation With Country Legend John Prine, Your Favorite Songwriter's Favorite Songwriter. "Egg & Daughter Nite, Lincoln Nebraska, 1967 (Crazy Bone)" is one of the new songs on "The Tree of Forgiveness," his first album of original material since 2005. There's also a short mini-documentary, John Prine: The Road to "The Tree of Forgiveness." John Prine: NPR Music Tiny Desk Concert, March 12, 2018 John Prine - A Message from Bill Murray Youtube playlist: The Tree of Forgiveness Knockin' On Your Screen Door I Have Met My Love Today Egg & Daughter Nite, Lincoln Nebraska, 1967 (Crazy Bone) Summer's End Caravan of Fools The Lonesome Friends of Science No Ordinary Blue Boundless Love God Only Knows When I Get To Heaven

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
I'm doing some research for a project and am having trouble finding information on what Seoul or general South Korean nightlife and drinking culture was like in the 1980s and 90s. I think I have a pretty good handle on the social customs/norms/hierarchy involved in drinking after some reading, but I'm still not sure exactly what sort of establishments would actually be available and what would go on inside.Perhaps it's a silly question, but was it actually any different than drinking culture there today? Was it roughly equivalent to what bar culture looked like in America at the time, or was it primarily an after work/large group activity and people rarely went out alone/on dates? Was it mostly restaurant-based drinking, or were there a variety of clubs, dive bars, music venues, etc.? Ideally I'd be able to come out of this with somewhere seedy that an American traveler or expat might end up on a late night, but any general information is helpful. I know this is a pretty niche ask, but if anyone knows of any nonfiction accounts/diaries or even fiction in English written by a native or a traveler, I'd love to dive into that. Thanks!

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
My direct report plagiarized my own work in her written performance review, copying sections of a document I had written nominating another team member for an award to describe her own performance. The document itself was confidential. My manager and I can't think how she could have accessed it in the first place. Help me get past my befuddlement and come up with a plan to deal with the situation.For some background: It's performance review time for staff at the large University where I am a low-level supervisor. The University HR department has been incredibly lax over the decades, and in the three years I've been working there, I've regularly observed poor performance and toxic behavior from long term employees who know that there are very few consequences for bad behavior. This particular employee, let's call her Louise, has been a known problem for nearly 30 years. She has terrible attendance, regularly screws up straightforward work, doesn't take any responsibility for her actions, is a huge gossip, etc. etc. Louise's coworker, with whom she feels a strong rivalry not reciprocated by the other employee, won a service award a few weeks ago. It was my manager's idea to nominate this person, and I wrote the nomination (2 pages), and then subsequently the blurbs for a poster and the announcement at the award ceremony. We assumed Louise would do something to create drama, but as luck would have it, she was absent the day of the award ceremony so things have been fairly quiet. Fast forward to Thursday, when I'm reading the comments Louise has input to the performance management software, and realize that she has copied language I used in the nomination for the other team member. She changed some words, but with some sentences largely intact, it's clearly ripped from my work. Louise would never use some of the vocabulary or the fairly elevated writing style I was playing with in the nomination. We do not know how she accessed the file, though she's no computer whiz so assuming someone else gave it to her. It had been shared from my Google Drive account privately to my manager and the person in admin collecting the nominations. The awardee herself has not seen the nomination, but I don't know who else has seen it in admin. My name is on it, so Louise should know I wrote it. I've introduced the situation over email with my manager (who has a long, frustrated history with Louise herself), and she's asked me how I would like to handle the situation. My brain isn't wired for dealing with this kind of passive-aggressive, petty person, and I'm at a loss how to proceed. I can't get past how bizarre this is, and generally how grumpy I am that I have to deal with the situation at all over all of the other productive, interesting things I could be doing. This feels a like a big ol' drag, but I need to get past my feelings and deal with it. Performance reviews are due a week from Monday (hard deadline). My manager and I already have a meeting on the calendar to discuss issues related to my team's work with my manager's manager, our organizational development person, and our HR rep for this upcoming Thursday. Any suggestions how to address the issue with Louise and/or the higher-ups would be appreciated!

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
The digital age is starting to freak me out. Can someone please explain to me how Facebook - in web browser (chrome) - on my laptop (Windows 10) connected to the internet via cell phone hotspot (T-mobile/Android) knows that I recently changed locations, even with location settings disabled on all devices?I recently flew from New England to South Florida. Neither laptop nor phone were connected to on-board wifi at any time. I opened Facebook this morning (which I need for work, #deletefacebook comments are not helpful) in Florida and Facebook is promoting events happening in/around Miami. Freaking me right out. Creepy things of note: Neither phone nor laptop have location settings enabled and no apps have access to location Neither Facebook app or Facebook messenger is installed on either device Location settings blocked on chrome, facebook.com not in Allow list I used to be pretty tech savvy but things have gotten beyond me now. Is Facebook able to grab my phone's IP address and track me that way? Why is this happening and how can I stop it? I'm more than willing to swap to a more private browser if recommended, but laptop and phone need to continue to exist as is. Note: I'm not doing anything illegal or shady, I just feel my devices need not be sentient to their location unless I deem it so. Yes I might have control issues but that's for another AskMe.

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
Frankie was Frank Hunt. He had been badly wounded in the same incident that killed Hines, and in January 1983, Schumann went to visit Hunt at his home in Bega. "I knocked on the door, and I don't think he was very impressed," Schumann said. "I was this long haired, bearded, left-wing firebrand ... but because I was a friend of Mick Storen's, he let me in the house, and I played him the song, and he was knocked sideways too In an interview with The Sydney Morning Herald, John Schumann tells the story behind his classic Vietnam War song.

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
Yeah, I 100% need something to cut me off from the internet on my iPhone during work hours. I used to use Freedom for this purpose, but it stopped working (and started messing with my computer). I can't be cut off from everything on my phone because I have work related stuff on there. Anyone know of a good iOS Freedom alternative that will let me block select websites and apps, and actually works?

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posted 2 days ago on metafilter
In November, we got a 2 year old rescue mutt who has gone from a deeply depressed dog to a sweet, silly pup... when my wife and I are both in the house. When it's just one of us - either one - she suddenly becomes something of a standoffish loner.At first I thought it was me; our dog would hang out with us, being lovable and having fun, but when my wife would leave for work or an errand, the dog would leave the room and go lay somewhere by herself. I could call her for a walk and she'd come, but other than that, she wouldn't want to have much to do with me. However, the second my wife came back, the dog would suddenly run back and be my best friend. I thought the dog was afraid of being with me alone, but it turns out it wasn't me specifically - this same behavior apparently happens when I'm gone and my wife is at home alone, too. I'll come home, the dog will be hanging around and playing, but it's because she heard me start to come in the door. I'll walk in and my wife will say "This is the most I've seen of the dog since you left." When she's being a loner, she doesn't seem afraid or nervous, just introverted. "Oh, you came into the room... I'm going to go somewhere else." When we're both in the house, the dog will go nuts for treats, but when it's just me, she doesn't seem to care. The dog is engaged with both of us when we're both at home and in different rooms of the house, and will go back and forth to see us, or lay in a middle place where she can see both of us. We don't have to be in the same room for her to go back to being playful, just both in the house. Any thoughts? She's not in distress, and she still behaves (no accidents or chewed up things) when she goes off on her own, but it's a little worrying seeing such a radical change in her personality when one of us leaves or comes home.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
I'm not interested in socializing with my coworkers outside of work- but they want to. I turn down invitations at least twice a week, but they haven't gotten the message. How do I avoid burning professional bridges when I don't want to build personal ones?I have 4 coworkers who are at my professional level and work in close proximity to me. We don't directly collaborate. They often invite me to do things during work or outside of work, but I don't want to socialize with them because: -They're just...not my people. They're perfectly nice, but I don't have much fun with them and often find it stressful because we're on totally different wavelengths. We often end up talking about work, and I want to leave work at work. -I only have to stay at work long enough to get my work done, and they often want to go to extended lunches or have long personal chats during the day, which means I end up having to stay late. -I'm pretty busy socially and want to invest my limited time in things and people that feel fulfilling. -I've been burned by friendships with coworkers in the past in ways that have had professional consequences- I'd like to avoid having personal issues affect my professional life. I feel bad, because I think they're mostly lonely and wanting to make friends, and work is a convenient place to do that. I've been there and I get it, and I don't want to make them feel worse about something that's already hard. I'm friendly in a professional way to them and usually have legitimate excuses for turning things down, but the invitations keep coming. What do I do to avoid hurt feelings?

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
Last night I became aware that 3 charges were attempted on my accounts and Dominos from different locations in the united states. 2 charges went through on the account I keep money in, one charge was declined on the account that I have as backup. Should I get a lawyer involved? Should I inform my employer?I have two bank accounts, both with a different assigned debit card. Within 4 minutes of each other, 3 separate charges came from Dominos, in Texas and California (I'm in Virginia). One charge was declined because the card used didn't have any money in the account. Because the order didn't process, I don't really have any information on where the 3rd originated. I'll be calling my bank to see if they know. I had my debit cards in possession. It appears that they somehow gained access to my Dominos customer profile. On there, I have both debit cards saved. What troubles me, and makes me think it's domino's fault, and not these people individually, is that they are not related in any way. I received 2 emails for the completed Dominos orders. Each one has the name, phone number, and address of the person who placed the order. I've found one of them on facebook, and he doesn't have any friends with the other person's name, or any friends in Texas. I also know they had access to my Dominos customer profile for sure, because my preferred store was changed to the one in California, which was the most recent charge. (I think this is a tick box that's automatically checked when adding a new address) I don't have a personal computer. I use my phone, and only use my work computer (no library, public computers, etc). All internet activity is monitored/keylogged at work. This would be the only other way that someone could have accessed my Dominos account, if someone at my job (a major healthcare corporation) had taken my information. Should I inform my employer? The people in my small office? Should I get a lawyer? If this was a breach of information or, I don't know, Dominos system failed and accidentally used my profile instead of the orderer's, I feel like I should be entitled to compensation. If it was an employee in IT that took my information from my computer, I feel like I should sue them. Is that right? This whole thing is a mess and has caused a lot of financial trouble for me (this was about $100 when I live paycheck to paycheck) and I'm frustrated but also scared. Side not: Yes i've called my bank, cancelled my cards, am going to set up fraud report, etc.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
I would like to have some responsible, ethical, mutually-affirming casual sex in my life. I have genital herpes. How does this work? Is it even possible?So if it matters, I'm a mid-30s heterosexual cis male. I am single and not interested in an actual relationship right now for Reasons, but would like to find someone to have sex with at least semi-regularly. Doesn't necessarily need to always be the same person, though an ongoing arrangement with one other person would also be fine. I'm not even really looking for a friends-with-benefits situation, just for someone who wants to meet up, have sex, and then go our separate ways. Just the "benefits," so to speak. I have genital herpes. I've had it for several years now, and aside from the initial outbreak (which was tested and confirmed to be HSV-1) I've never had any symptoms whatsoever. I have a prescription for Valtrex which I don't take but which I would take consistently if I were having sex with people who were HSV negative. Condoms are fine too, obviously. I have had sexual partners since contracting HSV, but always in the context of a committed relationship. The procedure has always been to disclose as soon as sex looks like it might be on the horizon, have the conversation where I answer questions about what it means for my life and what my understanding of the risks is, let her think about it for as long as she needs to, and then start having sex once she's decided she's comfortable with it. (So far nobody has decided that they're not comfortable with it, though of course that's a possibility.) This model works fine in a committed relationship but it doesn't seem like it would translate well to more casual sexual encounters. The initial conversation is pretty unsexy, and there's always a period of days or weeks where she's ruminating on the matter, doing her own research, etc. before she gets back to me. HSV hasn't had a major impact on my life (needing to do this disclosure business is honestly the biggest impact by far) but I can see how if the tables were turned I probably would not want to just casually bang someone who might give me a lifelong, stigmatized sexual disease. Someone I was really into and wanted to have a relationship with, sure. Someone who I just wanted to have sex with a few times and then move on, no. Probably some women exist who would be fine with it, but a lot of them wouldn't be and I can understand why. So where does this leave me in terms of wanting to find a casual sexual partner? Not disclosing and just hoping for the best is not an option, I feel like that would be pretty scummy even though my understanding is that I'm a pretty low transmission risk. Finding someone else who also has HSV sounds like it would solve a lot of problems, but I can't conceive of how I would go about doing that without asking some pretty invasive questions right off the bat. And frankly, I don't really know how I would go about finding partners for casual sex to begin with, even if I didn't have HSV. I'm not super outgoing, I don't live in a city, and while I've had my share of partners over the years including some casual ones, that was all in a different context at a different time in my life and I don't really think I can go back to those days. I'm not sure how to approach this even on easy mode, let alone as someone with an STI. But if there's a way to do this that's responsible and ethical and reasonably likely to be successful, I'd love to know about it. Thanks very much for your advice. If you would like to respond privately, send emails to [email protected]

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
He aha te mea nui o te ao. He tangata, he tangata, he tangata.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
In 1984, Chicago TV's Channel 66 went to a 24-hour music video station. One video they played regularly seemed to show a robotic assembly line for paint cans. The entire 2-3 minute video was purple-tinted and had the coolest industrial music soundtrack. Does anybody remember this, and more importantly, what was this video? Channel 66 played the same dozen mostly obscure videos over and over, such as Nina Hagen's "New York." I used to watch it for that and this strange purple video described above. It was like no other music I had heard to that point, and completely captured my imagination. The closest thing I could compare it to was the Led Zeppelin instrumental "Bonzo's Montreaux" (especially the phased metallic-sounding part at the end). A decade later I heard the Crash Worship song "Pyru," which was similar to it and sparked my memories. Every year or so for the past 2 decades I've spent a day searching the internet looking for this song/video. Does this spark any memories?

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
I make my living in a job that necessitates my performing a lot of emotional labor. I am also a person who tends to take on a lot of emotional labor in my personal life. It getting exhausting and I'm responding to that exhaustion in maladaptive ways. Help me figure out how to recalibrate so that I don't lose my mind.I am a business manager for a small business in a fairly small town in arts education field that attracts talented people who tend to have really bad boundaries. I report directly to the business owner and my role involves many things but a lot of it is customer facing. The customer facing stuff is fairly straightforward, but as of late we have a lot of regulars who have many opinions about how we should be running and growing the business. Most of this is well-intentioned and it is heartening that people find value in what we are providing and want to share their ideas for helping it thrive. That being said, it is getting extremely tiresome to be the gatekeeper of this business when seemingly every other person who avails of our services wants to give us "advice" without having any real sense of what it means to keep a small business afloat financially - and by "us" I mean "me" because I am essentially the public face of this company and as such am a captive audience for everyone who walks into the building and sees me at my desk. I am also much younger than almost all of our regular customers and frequently these unsolicited opinions have a tinge of condescension about them - especially when they come from men. (I'm a woman. Of color. Which may or may not matter, I'm not sure.) In order to maintain good relations with our customers I have to at least give the appearance of making them feel heard, even when their opinions are objectively not good for the company. My boss is a good person and also for the most part a good boss; his main flaw is that he hates conflict and he delegates a lot of the work that has the potential for conflict to me. This is fine - it's one of the reasons why he hired me and I knew what I was getting into when I signed up for this. The combination of all of the above factors basically means all day every day I am performing gargantuan amounts of emotional labor just to keep things from going to shit. I'm rapidly getting to a point where it's getting difficult to get through the day without frustration. I would love to have just one day where I go to work, do what is assigned of me, chat in a banal way with our customers, and that's it. Instead, it feels like all I do all day every day is listen to people mansplain at me and expect me to change business policy as a result. Today was especially bad; I was dealing with a notoriously difficult customer and he said something that really, really pissed me off. I got through the interaction without any issue, but internally I wanted to scream. I texted a friend who I always felt was a safe person to vent to and told him what happened. I have been the recipient of his work-related venting in the past and am happy to be an ear for him when he needs it. In response to my text, he told me that I was stressing out over stupid shit, I need to stop letting things bother me, and I need to get a life. I don't even necessarily think he's wrong about that! Though I wish he had said it in a way that was less hurtful; I've been trying really hard not to succumb to the shame monster after he texted that to me, without much success. But I don't know how to not let things bother me when my job quite literally necessitates me having these stressful interactions with people during which all I am doing is performing emotional labor. I love my job, aside from this nonsense. I really do. It's the best job I've ever had and we do really great work in fostering creative work and building community and I'm proud of what we do; in the aggregate this is the happiest I have ever been in any job I've ever had. But I've never had to be customer-facing in any of my prior jobs in this intense of a way and I don't have readily-accessible coping mechanisms. Is there a way for me to reframe these experiences in a way that keeps me from having these intense negative reactions day in and day out? Or do I just need a vacation?

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
I found [suddenly departed] Avicii's debut album True [this is the link that shows singers and musicians and such] delightfully revelatory and I don't think his influence worldwide on EDM can be overstated. His willingness to find the intersection between X and Y has fed dance music since 2013, and will long into the future. [Ed. Note: Plus, it's one hell of a fucking affirming group of songs, and there's nothing wrong with having someone sing to you about how the world can be right when all this bullshit is going on. Give it a listen through, and it's okay to discard it after that.] Side A: Wake Me Up [video], You Make Me [video], Hey Brother [video], Addicted To You [video], Dear Boy Side B: Liar Liar [what you want lyric videos for every song?], Shame On Me, Lay Me Down, Hope There's Someone, Heart Upon My Sleeve

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
For someone who has played acoustic guitar for a long time but is new to electric guitar, what new skills need to be learned that are specific to the electric guitar?I have a partial list, but would like to add to it: * Left/Right Hand mute technique because of greater sustain * More careful finger placement to avoid bending lighter strings out of tune What else should go on that list? I'd be interested in "maintenance knowledge" (like if there are differences in how to change strings or how to tune or stuff like that) as well as musical techniques.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
The world's largest cockroach farm is breeding 6 billion adult cockroaches a year and using artificial intelligence to manage a colony larger than the world's human population – all for medicinal use. It is part of the production process for a "healing potion" consumed by millions of patients in China, according to the government.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
Taking my folks to a Durham Bulls game tomorrow, 4/21/2018. Seeking locals info on parking.This post from 2016 is informative about the area but specifically not about cars. My pop has somewhat limited mobility due to a spinal stroke a year ago and they have a legit handicapped parking permit. Team-published info specifies both street and paid handicapped parking near the park (50 street spaces, unspecified garage). It's an early season game. The team has a poor record so far in the season but .500 at home. Tickets available online do not seem to predict a sellout. My experience with driving to games in Seattle indicates it's best to be there three hours before first pitch; that seems excessive in this case. How early should we be there? The game start is at 6:30ish. I would think 5:00-5:30 should be fine to get a close location. Thanks for your kind advice.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
Color: From Hexcodes to Eyeballs "Why do we perceive background-color: #9B51E0 as this particular purple? This is one of those questions where I thought I'd known the answer for a long time, but as I inspected my understanding, I realized there were pretty significant gaps. Through an exploration of electromagnetic radiation, optical biology, colorimetry, and display hardware, I hope to start filling in some of these gaps." Bonus: Tyrian Purple "In Phoenician mythology, the discovery of purple was credited to the pet dog of Tyros, the mistress of Tyre's patron god Melqart. One day, while walking along the beach the couple noticed that after biting on a washed up mollusc the dog's mouth was stained purple. Tyros asked for a garment made of the same colour and so began the famous dyeing industry." Extra bonus: Aniline Purple "Whilst the origin of the modern industrial revolution is often traced to the Ironbridge Gorge northwest of Birmingham in the UK, less credit is given to one of the birthplaces of the modern organic chemical industry. William Henry Perkin (1838-1907) who at the age of 18 in the year 1856 had set out with idea of making quinine (C20H24N2O2) by oxidising allytoluidine (C10H12N), had accidentally produced instead the first ever synthetic dye aniline purple, better known as mauveine."

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
Where are the under-the-radar, but thriving towns with a lake or river system as the main draw? I'd like it to be in fly-over country and north of Missouri. The Great Lakes are almost TOO great for this question. Think smaller.Bonus points for: Strong local identity Arts or Cultural attractions Nearby Forests Good schools

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
From 1788 to present day, how many european countries used the Guillotine for execution.also, how many did these countrries have in use.

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
My uncle, who lives in Madrid, has very generously offered to fly our 13-year-old son over to Spain to spend three weeks with them this summer. How should he pack and what should he expect?He will be in Spain for three weeks, from late June through mid-July. He'll be spending most of his time in Madrid, but will have a visit to Dénia during his stay. Our main questions are: What should he expect at Madrid airport (customs, etc)? He's going to be dropped off at the gate in Philadelphia by me, and met at the Madrid airport by my uncle and his wife. What kind of clothes should he pack, both for weather conditions and cultural expectations? He's too young to have a debit card: what suggestions does the hive mind have for dealing with money while he's there? What's early teen culture like in Madrid? If you have or know a 13-year-old boy in Spain, what do they consider the apex of awesome? Thanks!

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
I had a workplace incident (kitchen stuff), and as a precaution, the doctor gave me a tetanus shot last Tuesday morning. It's now Saturday morning, and the area around the injection is still swollen and warm to the touch, and damn, it hurts worse than the finger I mangled. A couple of days, sure, but this just seems to be getting worse.This being Japan, and me being back at work, I won't have a chance to get to a doctor until after they close, and on weekends, the only thing open are emergency hospitals that are pretty much only for serious emergencies (sick children, dying people, that sort of stuff). Is this reaction something to be worried about enough to go to that level of hospital? Is there danger of this getting worse, or am I just not used to the normal effects of a tetanus shot?

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
Will psychedelics go corporate like cannabis? - "As billionaires start to invest in psychedelics, some longtime researchers in the field worry they'll just become another commodity." (via)

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posted 3 days ago on metafilter
How Games Can Better Accommodate Disabled Players [Waypoint] "Text size is so important, not just for people with less than 20/20 vision, but also anyone who doesn't have a huge TV, or isn't able to sit close to it. It's a classic example of something that is really tough to go back to and fix, but if you consider it early enough in development, it's free, it's just another design decision. Catering for colorblindness is a bit more complex, as it's a design job based on how a particular game mechanic works. But it's generally about just making sure you don't rely on color alone to communicate or differentiate. And if there's no alternative to color reliance, let people choose the colors that work best for them. Subtitles are used by so many people for so many reasons, from hearing loss to playing on public transport, from unpredictable audio mixes to hard-to-understand alien and robotic accents, to playing in a noisy room to when the baby is asleep, so you need the TV on mute." • The Problems With Illegible Text In Video Games And Some Solutions To Fix Them [Kotaku] "Joe Humfrey, art and code director at game development studio Inkle, believes that the primary goal in designing text for video games is "making sure every word is effortless to read." It turns out that making sure players can read and understand on-screen text is a more complicated task than you might think. You might not spend a lot of time actively thinking about fonts, how to design text or user interfaces, but they significantly impact how a you interact with a game. In fact, you've probably recognized and struggled with one form of badly-designed text that's common in a lot games: really small subtitles. "I could probably rant for an hour about how most console games have tiny tiny text, probably because the developers sit right next to their TVs so don't care. Please don't do that," Humfrey said in a recent GDC talk." • Subtitles: Increasing Game Accessibility, Comprehension [Gamasutra] I realized that it could be beneficial to everyone if there were some kind of guideline we could follow that would help when putting subtitles in our games. So, this article is meant as a means to highlight areas that we need to pay attention to when implementing subtitles within our games and also to potentially serve as the basis for a first-set of guidelines. Please note that this list may not be complete, but it's a start. 1. Use the right font 2. Large enough font 3. Consistent font size and in mixed case 4. Usable on various output devices 5. Try to keep the line length under control 6. Good space between words and lines 7. Can be switched on or off (at any time) 8. Separate button for control 9. User controlled speed 10. Selecting the right color (Different color to system font, They should have their own background, Differing colors between sentences when multiple characters are on-screen) 11. Ensure staggered subtitles if in conversation 12. Include captions and other relevant non-speech information where necessary 13. Always need to be within the safe caption area 14. Make sure the subtitles matches the speech 15. Careful when using unusual speech -- like slang 16. Ensure the quality is perfect • Games like 'Destiny' and 'Deus Ex' exclude deaf customers by flubbing a single, simple feature [Business Insider] "Most games have robust customization options, allowing you to adjust the brightness, volume, and difficulty level exactly to your individual tastes. But there's one simple feature a lot of games can't get quite right, and it's one that deaf gamers in particular need to fully enjoy a game: Subtitles. "We need everything that's spoken in the game captioned!" said Chris "Phoenix" Robinson in an email interview with Business Insider. "This is 2016 and gaming industries should've got it by now but it's like they keep forgetting deaf/hard-of-hearing gamers are buying their games too." Robinson, who's deaf in one ear and has severe hearing loss in the other, runs a Twitch channel called Deaf Gamers TV with Brandon "Zero" Chan, who is also deaf. "I feel [game developers] are slacking," said Robinson. "It's like subtitles/captioning is the last thing they care about." In games, just like in movies or television, a vast majority of the story's information is conveyed through dialogue. When you can't hear what a character is saying — or read it in subtitles — suddenly, the simple act of playing a game and understanding its plot become nearly impossible. And even when games do have subtitles, it's often incomplete."

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