posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Five years ago this month, African-American lesbian Mitrice Richardson disappeared after being released from Los Angeles County Sheriff custody in Malibu in the middle of the night. A year later, her body was discovered; the initial investigation, was later found to be flawed. In 2011, her parents settled a lawsuit against the LA County Sheriff's Department. Her family maintains a website, Bring Mitrice Justice. A documentary, Lost Compassion, is in progress.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
A new(ish) podcast from the QI elves, No Such Thing As A Fish serves up a delicious selection of facts, including that someone in Japan has patented curry, that certain octopuses eat their own arms when stressed and that a blow-up doll once saved a man's life. Binge-listen on SoundCloud.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
I want to make the best pie crust ever. ever. ever. Help me.I've always wanted to make my own pie crust. Now the perfect opportunity has arisen and I want to knock people's socks off with the perfect traditional pumpkin pie (though I'm only looking for advice on the crust). Do you know of a perfect recipe or have any tips in general? I'm very experienced with dough but not with homemade crusts at all. I want everyone to praise me for a wonderful crust. Any special touches to really make people notice this extraordinary crust?

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
The Sound So Loud That It Circled the Earth Four Times. "It was 10:02 AM local time when the sound emerged from the island of Krakatoa, which sits between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It was heard 1,300 miles away in the Andaman and Nicobar islands ('extraordinary sounds were heard, as of guns firing'); 2,000 miles away in New Guinea and Western Australia ('a series of loud reports, resembling those of artillery in a north-westerly direction'); and even 3,000 miles away in the Indian Ocean island of Rodrigues, near Maldives ('coming from the eastward, like the distant roar of heavy guns.'1) In all, it was heard by people in over 50 different geographical locations, together spanning an area covering a thirteenth of the globe."

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
How well do professional social work qualifications transfer between Anglosphere countries (US, UK, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia)?I'm a US citizen doing a 2-year MSW in the UK. After successful completion of my program, I will be able to register with the Health and Care Professions Council. Though my endgoal is to practice in the UK, recent (albeit ultimately temporary: I just really missed Taco Bell) homesickness and an existential crisis leave me wondering how feasible it would be for me to eventually move back to the US to practice as a social worker. I understand that each state has its own licensing requirements, and the National Association of Social Workers has a process to review the suitability of international qualifications, but my hasty Googling has yet to turn up any firsthand experience from UK-to-US social work migrants of how much of a pain in the ass this process is. Also out of curiosity, I looked into UK qualifications' transferability to other Anglosphere countries. It seems that transferring my future UK qualifications to Australia and New Zealand is a relatively simple and straightforward process. Canada, similar to the US, has the CASW Assessment of International Qualifications and additional requirements by province. Are there any Social Worker MeFites who have ever started in one country and ended up elsewhere? What was the process like? What, if any, fundamental gaps are there between a UK MSW education and a US/New Zealand/Australia/Canada MSW education?

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Can you help me accept my limitations as a parent? My child is going through a rough period and I feel like I failed them. I am not going to give any specific examples because I am looking for more general info. So, I'm looking for ideas (books and articles are also welcome) on how to deal with the fact that I cannot protect my children from unhappiness.When my child was little I didn't have as much trouble with this, but now that they're a teenager it's harder. The problems are getting bigger, the feelings are getting bigger. I'm not talking about anything huge, just the normal things that are part of life for many children. I used to hate high school and I so hoped to be able to avoid that for my child. I find it so hard to see my child unhappy. (There's no bullying or anything like that. And there's not much I can do about a lot of the things they're unhappy about. It just is how it is, sadly.) I'm not looking for ideas on how to help my child. I am already working on that, thinking about that (I also read many past askme's about parenting, including this one where many people shared what their parents did right when they were teenagers). I'm now looking for help for me, so that it is not weighing me down so much when they're unhappy. I'm also looking for balance. I feel that as a parent I actually am partly responsible for their happiness. And I really do my best in that area. I make sure that I am available to talk, I will listen to them and not belittle their worries. I have made sure to do more fun things together recently. They like cooking, so we're cooking elaborate meals together some days, things like that. But if I feel totally responsible for their happiness, that's not good for both of us. (I definitely wouldn't want them to hide their concerns from me because they can tell how much it affects me, for example). I tried to search a bit about this, and found some articles about overprotective parents who try to protect their children from every single thing that might go wrong, and how that's bad. That's not what I'm talking about though. My kid losing at a tennis game, that's just how it is. Not being picked for a role they wanted at a school play, that sucks indeed, and you're totally allowed to be unhappy about that, but I'm not going to school to ask to fix that. It feels like many of the "just allow your child to be unhappy, it's good for them!" articles are about those kind of relatively minor things, not about children who just hate school altogether, or about dealing with friends who stop being friends. My child also isn't depressed. They have friends, after school activities that they love, and they're often happy too.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Having not dealt with close family death often, i'm a little concerned about how to prepare my 12 yo daughter for the service etc. Thoughts?- My sister's fil passed away - very old, dementia, it was Time. - The service is Friday - likely scenario: roman catholic funeral mass, memorial, burial, wake - My 12 yo daughter will be attending with me. especially, do I need to say anything about interacting with her same-aged cousins whose grandfather this is, and who they were very close with?

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
A team of researchers, including University of Edinburgh paleontologist Stephen Brusatte and Swarthmore College Associate Professor of Statistics Steve C. Wang, cataloging 853 skeletal characteristics in 150 dinosaurs and analyzing the rate at which these characters change, and they found that "there was no grand jump between nonbirds and birds in morphospace." In other words, birds didn't suddenly come into existence, but evolved, bit by bit, or characteristic by characteristic. But when birds were finally a thing, they went crazy. "Once it came together fully, it unlocked great evolutionary potential that allowed birds to evolve at a super-charged rate."

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
I worked with a guy many moons ago. We hung out in the same social circle and I'd consider us friends back then. His behavior got increasingly erratic over the years, and he's been institutionalized a few times. At one point, he made a violent threat towards me, which I believe was just meant to be a joke in poor taste but I couldn't say for sure. He sort of dropped out of my life and that of the same social circle. Except he's now made a reappearance, and I'm a little worried about it.I'm concerned about it both from a personal safety standpoint, and a "he seems kind of like the type of person I'd read about doing something really bad in the papers." kind of way. I honestly don't know what I should do about it. A lot backstory to explain: When I knew him, he was heavily into mind altering substances. I have no problem with this in general, but it was pretty clear he did too much too frequently, and it affected him poorly. Or perhaps he was self medicating for an underlying mental illness. Either way, it seemed to lead to a lot of problems, and when I was in regular contact with him, he was trying to find ways of increasing his high, such as purifying Vicodin by removing the acetaminophen. My husband and I were both friends with him, though I think I'd say my husband was closer, but we all hung out together. He got more and more into various drugs, along with a nasty drinking habit. We ended up getting tangled up in some unpleasant business between him and his then wife - he came over to hang out, we were all drinking but he got REALLY drunk, called his wife to say he was going to stay by us, and then she ended up speaking to my husband because the friend was too drunk to speak to his wife coherently. The friend had told her he wasn't going to drink anymore, and she was upset that he had come over to our place to drink. We felt caught in the middle and a bit upset that he used our house as a place to escape and get hammered. Fast forward a little ways and he tried to kill himself, ending up in the hospital. In that time, his wife gave my husband his guns, not wanting her husband to have access because of the suicide risk. My husband is a gun owner and enthusiast, so this request did not seem odd. He was institutionalized after the hospital for a while, and when he got out, he told my husband to keep all his guns except one, he wasn't interested in them. He told my husband it was "payment" for the trouble he caused. He, myself, and my husband stayed in touch for a time, but his behavior became increasingly more erratic. Eventually something happened where my husband wasn't responding to him in a timely manner, and he saw me on IM, threatened to punch me in the face if I didn't tell my husband to answer him. It was really fucked up, I think he was trying to be funny but I don't know for sure. I ended all contact with him. That was probably 8-10 years ago. Over the years, he's tried to reach out to me through various means, even creating aliases to do so. But it's mostly dropped off in the past few years. Until about a month ago. He tried creating new personas on a few different social networks and connecting with me. But he also threatened to commit suicide in an email to Google and cc'd my husband and another person (the parent of an acquaintance?). My husband responded to that. This person was then institutionalized again, and after his release he responded to my husband he wasn't really trying to kill himself, he just wanted to get google's attention for some perceived slight. I don't know all the details, but from what my husband and some acquaintances said, it sounds like someone at google got in touch with local law enforcement. Unfortunately, my husband responding started a dialog with him again, and he asked my husband if he could borrow his old guns back. When my husband didn't respond, he started offering to trade him with high value guns, which I think was just an attempt to get my husband to engage more. So my husband stopped. I'm now feeling rather concerned over the whole thing. In addition to his interest in guns, his hobbies used to be blowing things up and lighting things on fire. When we were younger, I saw it through the lens of just having some harmless fun. But now, throw in the ongoing substance abuse and mental illness, and it's a worrying picture. He has had some issues with the police. I don't know the details, but at one point when we were still speaking, had asked me to help proof-read a formal request to have property the police 'stole' returned. One part of me thinks I'm just being silly and letting my imagination get the best of me. But the other part thinks that he knows where we live, and might decide in an inebriated moment that he needs to just come over, either with good or ill intent. And the other part of me is thinking about how he's obviously found his way back to guns, and how he had a history of playing around with dangerous thing, so even if he didn't mean harm to us, he has the pedigree of someone you'll read about doing something horrible on the news later. I don't know what to do about this. I'm concerned for both my personal safety and the what if scenario of him taking a bigger action against society. I frankly just don't know what to do with this. I am certain part of it was the ridiculous threat he made has made me fearful, perhaps too fearful. But he also very well could be the guy that decided to take out his view of how he's been wronged on innocent people based on things he's said in the past, and his recent "blame Google for something they didn't do." I realize this is a long message, I think what I'm asking is if I should do anything about this, and what can I do about this? I feel a little lost for resources.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
In order to promote her new book, Lena Dunham has elected to engage in some AFPesque labor exploitation: Last month, the writer, actor and producer Lena Dunham started an ambitious project. Nearly 600 people responded to an open call for video auditions on her website, including a sand artist, a ukulele player, a cappella singers, gymnasts, performance artists and stand-up comics, even some exceptionally charismatic babies. The seven who made the final cut won't be making cameos in "Girls," Ms. Dunham's HBO show about Brooklyn 20-somethings. Instead, they'll be the warm-up acts — performing free of charge — on an elaborately produced, 11-city tour to promote Ms. Dunham's new book, "Not That Kind of Girl." Hamilton Nolan at Gawker points out some of the key financial figures regarding Ms. Dunham's new book and tour, further illustrating why her decision to exploit the labor of these people is even more offensive.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Looking for stories/novelllas/novels about civilizations which have survived the "Big Bounce" and persisted into the next universe. Is there any such thing?

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
The perpetrators of the crime have never been found, and that's due in part to the ease in which they were able to kill seven random people. All that was involved was taking a bottle off the shelf, opening it, inserting a number of cyanide laced capsules, then screwing the cap back on and putting it back on the shelf for the next person who came along to purchase it. In the wake of those seven deaths, an unprecedented recall was undertaken, a groundbreaking PR campaign was launched, and measures were taken that would forever change the way we consume medication.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
I have been dwelling on some negative thoughts and it keeps sending me into a sad-spiral of feeling terrible. I want to stop this, but I can't quite find the right/effective combination of things to tell myself to cut off the ruminating. Help me come up with my mantra; details inside.Without getting into the extended backstory, from about January through July I was subject to some really serious harassment, to the point of making a police report (though nothing came of it). Sometimes the harassers went after my family (including my children) to get to me. It was really awful and traumatic and I am in therapy. The harassment is now over (I hope), but it's hard not to get "triggered" into remembering it as I go about my regular day -- unless I moved, that would be almost impossible! I am really bothered by and can't let go of the fact that what happened to me was really unfair and unjust, and that there isn't really a way for me to pursue justice in this case or to hold the terrible people accountable. (You may assume I have consulted with police, lawyers, and therapists at length and explored all my options.) Moreover, even if I could "get justice" somehow, I don't think I would actually feel any better -- but my lizard-brain is not getting this message. I end up dwelling on justice/"revenge," and then on the fact that I can't get justice, and then I feel powerless and helpless and worse than before I started. So I've been trying to come up with a "mantra" to think to interrupt my lizard-brain when it starts in on revenge fantasies, with some examples from my therapist, but they're mostly about forgiving YOURSELF ("I did the best I could when ...") or about not worrying about the future. Neither of those are really my problem; it's accepting that I can't change what happened or the fact that it was monstrously unfair, and dwelling on it won't help. So far the best I've got it, "I've already thought this through, and it is not productive, and I will not think about it any longer." It sort-of works, but that's hardly inspirational or comforting, and doesn't address the aspects of feeling powerless or angry at the injustice, so it sort-of slows down the lizard brain but doesn't really replace the thoughts with a better thought or a more positive framing. I am sure the hive mind can do better! Give me what you've got.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
So you wanna join this bitcoin thing but can't afford the processing cycles to actually mine stuff? Now you can earn bitcoins using pencil and paper!

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
On Friday, ATCSCC Advisory 20 of 26-Sep-2014 went out. When operators, controllers and airport managers saw the title, a gasp of disbelief was heard. The problem was simple enough to state in three words, and complex enough to cancel thousand of flights and cost hundred of millions of dollars: ZAU ATC ZERO. ZAU is the call sign of the Chicago Air Rout Traffic Control Center (ARTCC), which covers northern Illinois and Indiana, southern Wisconsin, western Iowa, and south eastern Michigan. There are two "sides" at an ARTCC. ZAU-LO handed traffic destined for airports in the covered area, ZAU-HI handled traffic overflying. Both were amongst the busiest in the country. ZAU-HI was busy with traffic from the east to west, as well as European traffic heading to Houston and Dallas-FW, ZAU-LO had to feed in traffic from airports like GYY, MKE, RFD, PIA, and the two busiest airports in the area; Chicago Midway International and O'Hare International, one of the busiest airports in the world. On Friday morning, Brian Howard, a contract employee of the FAA and holding full credentials to the ZAU datacenters, set a fire in the telecom room, destroying 23 of the 29 rack and disconnecting all the controller stations from the associated radars and radio transmitters needed to watch and guide traffic through the busy sector. As the consoles dropped offline, the ZAU duty manager had no choice -- they called ZZZ, the FAA command center and reported ATC ZERO -- no controllers available, control center offline. The result of the fire was dramatic. On Friday, almost 1500 flights were cancelled from O'Hare, and Midway cancelled all flights for the day, some 550. By Saturday, better workaround were in place, with neighboring ARTCCs taking over most of ZAU-HI, and set routes from Peoria, Milwaukee and South Bend used to funnel aircraft into Chicago, and routes to Rockford, Green Bay, and Vandalia used to funnel flights out. However, these routes, watched by towers and Terminal Radar Controllers (TRACONS), had to be flown much lower than normal, and with much more spacing, cutting the allowed traffic in half. By Sunday, improvements in the lower routes and ZAU controllers getting to the other ARTCCS removed most overflight restrictions and allowed ORD to reach 65% capacity and Midway 75% today -- roughly 75 flights an hour from O'Hare and 25 from Midway. The FAA expect it may be until October 13th for ZAU to be fully back online. The FAA, under scrutiny from lawmakers, is reviewing security procedures. Brian Howard, now standing charges of destruction of federal property, left a confusing (and now pulled) post on FaceBook blaming either his upcoming transfer to Hawaii or US Policy in the Middle East for why he attempted to kill himself and successfully shut down ZAU. Total cost, so far -- approximately 5000 cancelled flights, 15000 delayed flights, and hundreds of millions of dollars, primary from the three airlines most affected, American Airlines, United Airlines, and Southwest Airlines. The FAA has repeatedly said they do not consider this "an act of terrorism." Cancellations and delays continue to affect the Chicago area.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Ebola and the Construction of Fear by Karen Sternheimer (Everyday Sociology) "Sociologist Barry Glassner, author of The Culture of Fear: Why Americans are Afraid of the Wrong Things, explains how misguided panics are not just benign opportunities to prevent something horrible, but can divert attention and public funds away from more likely threats. He notes: Panic-driven public spending generates over the long term a pathology akin to one found in drug addicts. The money and attention we fritter away on our compulsions, the less we have available for our real needs, which consequently grow larger (p. xvii). "Fear of a 'new' threat (Ebola has been documented since 1976; it was even the subject of the 1995 film Outbreak, in which the virus becomes airborne) can heighten attention and news coverage. It can also distract us from more immediate threats to our health. "What virus is likely to kill at least 3,000 Americans this year? The flu." Why Ebola won't become a pandemic – The Economist No, Ebola is not coming to the U.S. (5 min 15 sec) – NPR's On the Media – Host Bob Garfield interviewing Dr Daniel Bausch. News You Can Use: Trusted Resources on Ebola, by Sheila Snow-Croft, Public Health Coordinator, National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Southeastern/Atlantic Region. Snippet: "Good information can be your best defense." Previously: Non-ebola care, Ebola reaches Nigeria's largest city

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
To kick-off its 26th season, The Simpsons handed the couch opening gag to cult animator Don Hertzfeldt (previously) who transformed Our Favorite Family into a surreal nightmare vision of the far future.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
UVA Hospital employee and former Charlottesville cab driver Jesse Matthew has just been linked to the September 2014 disappearance of UVA student Hannah Graham, the unsolved rape and murder of Morgan Harrington, whose body was discovered on a farm outside of Charlottesville in 2010, and a 2005 sexual assault in Fairfax, VA. Graham and Harrison are two of a number of women who have gone missing near Charlottesville in recent years. Hannah Graham has been missing from Charlottesville, Virginia, home to the University of Virginia, since September 13. The last known sighting of Graham is video footage of her with Jesse "LJ" Matthew, an operating room technician at UVA Hospital who previously worked as a driver for Yellow Cab company. After initially meeting with police, Matthew fled to Galveston, TX, where he was arrested for "abduction with intent to defile" Graham. Forensic evidence police recovered from Matthew has now tied him to the unsolved rape and murder of Morgan Harrington, who disappeared from Charlottesville in 2009 after inadvertently becoming locked out of a Metallica concert at UVA's John Paul Jones arena. The killer in the Harrington case, in turn, is linked to an earlier unsolved sexual assault in Fairfax, Virginia in 2005. In 2002, Matthew was reportedly asked to leave Liberty University in Lynchberg, at which he played on the football team, for the alleged rape of a fellow student. The Charlottesville area was also recently home to a serial rapist, Toni Washington, a butcher at the local Harris Teeter who raped at least seven women from 1997 to his arrest in 2009, and Randy Taylor, currently imprisoned for the murder of Alexis Murphy, whose body was never recovered. Taylor is also a leading suspect in the unsolved murder of Samantha Clark. (Police have firmly denied any link between Graham's disappearance and the deaths of Murphy and Clark after some theorized that Graham's possible killer, rather than Taylor, could have been responsible for Murphy and Clark's deaths.) In May 2010, UVA student George Huguely murdered his girlfriend, fellow UVA student Yeardley Love. A 2009 study by the school found that 33 percent of sorority women were sexually assaulted during their time at UVA. Graham's case has also brought attention to other missing women from Virginia, including Dashad "Sage" Laquinn Smith, who vanished from Charlottesville in 2012 and has also never been found. In 1996, Alice Reynolds went missing near Culpepper, Virginia and was never found; her presumed killer, who has never been identified, was dubbed the Route 29 Stalker due to numerous reports from women around the same time Reynolds disappeared that a white man in a pickup truck had attempted to flag them down along Route 29. Anne Carolyn McDaniel was killed near Orange, Virginia the same year; her killer also remains at large. Some suspect serial killer Richard Marc Evonitz of both crimes, in addition to a host of other deaths of young women. Police continue to search for Hannah Graham. At least two unrelated sexual assaults occurred in Charlottesville the weekend after Graham's disappearance. This past weekend, UVA students rallied against gender-based violence at the school and in the larger community.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Meet the people hanging out in Times Square late at night. Over 330,000 people pass through Times Square every day. Here you can see the Times Square eccentrics in the 90s before the corporations took over.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
A friend (no, really!) will officially be divorced next Monday, and will then own 50% of a residential property in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The property has one house (that's basically a teardown), currently occupied by their ex (with no intention of selling), and one barn. The rest is undeveloped property. The property is in a great school district (Central Bucks). Is there ANY way they can sell my 50% stake in the property. They're wiling to sell at a discount and talk to developers, banks, private investors, whatever.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
A former troll looks back at what trolling was, and what it has become.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Diagnosed with terminal cancer two years ago, and given only months to live, Sam Simon is still alive and still racing to spend the fortune he made as co-creator of The Simpsons on causes he loves, whether he is rescuing grizzly bears (and chinchillas and elephants) or funding vegan food banks. Sam Simon and philanthropy previously on Metafilter

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
It's a cake! It's a pizza! It's a pizza cake!

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Alison Atkin is a Ph.D. student in osteoarchaeology at the University of Sheffield, studying plague cemeteries. Her research is presented in this quirky, hand-drawn poster. Don't miss GIFs of the interactive panels at her blog, Deathsplanation.

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posted 1 day ago on metafilter
Daily Puzzle online. Free apps. Student aids.

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