posted 5 days ago on metafilter
What are the best videos on Youtube for developing an understanding of geology, rock types, and plate tectonics? I'm looking for visuals that help me learn, or just great explanations. Prefer an in-the-mountains perspective over a classroom-with-diagrams perspective. Thank you.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I have the opportunity to work remotely from South America. I'm afraid that I'll try the digital nomad life and end up just spending all of my time alone in a hotel room. How can I plan ahead to find community in a foreign place?I have a job that allows me to work from anywhere. I've always wanted to do that! I'd like to work for a few months from a big city in, let's say, Peru. What can I do in advance to find a spot, build community, and have fun? (currently in the U.S. and I speak very little Spanish)

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I'm writing a novel in which the two main characters are in grad school, at Berkeley. She's sociology, he's history. This is a world I know nothing about -- the intensity of a PhD program, the day to day, and what it's like to live through it. Thus, I keep throwing questions up here, and I've gotten incredibly helpful replies.My two characters are friends, although they're inching toward more, which is problematic because he's married. (No conflict, no fiction!) Anyway, I'm trying to get them alone in a car. I have a scene wherein she needs to get someplace an hour away (UC Davis, to conduct an interview) and her car has crapped out. He has offered to drive her, which would entail giving up much of his day. He's in the middle of writing his dissertation, and now I wonder if this is totally implausible. Is it inconceivable that he would make such a generous offer -- assuming that at this point they really are still just friends? Would his every minute be precious and spoken for?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I had surgery on February 19 and have a hospital bill (just the hospital, not the surgeon, anesthetist, etc) of about $2200, which I know in the scheme of things is not terrible but it makes my financial situation even more precarious in my newly-divorced, newly-employed, looking-at-more-expensive-surgery-and-treatment-soon state. Can I negotiate this down? What do I say? I could possibly pay it in cash if they would knock it down like 20%. Is it better to talk to them sooner or let it sit for a while? All advice welcome.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Looking for movies, shows, and books that depict someone feeling and expressing healthy anger.I was raised in (what I now know to be) an abusive home, which meant that Parent was the only one ever allowed to show anger and Parent showed anger through yelling, swearing, name calling, striking, etc. Out of a desire to be nothing like Parent, I've taken to completely suppressing my anger over the years. As it turns out, that's not super healthy. Per my therapists's suggestion, I'm now trying to feel and express my anger instead of stifle it—but I have no idea what that should look like, since I've only seen really unhealthy models of anger. Or rather, in theory I know various ways/strategies to show anger in a healthy way, but I want to see it in action—even if it's fictional action. So I'm turning to media for models. What movies, tv shows, or books (or anything else) depict anger in a healthy, constructive way? Looking for both general anger and anger directed at specific people. Bonus points if the person expressing that anger is a woman.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I guess I need a computer to do specific things now? But I don't know exactly what I need. I can explain.My laptop, which has been running hot for a while and the monitor of which is hanging by one hinge, is about to bite the dust. It still functions, but I don't dare ask it to do much besides turn on, access the internet, and use LibreOffice. Now, it's having some difficulty doing even that. I knew this day would come, but I put off preparing for it by doing my research, and now I need to make a good decision fast. The urgency: I am presenting at a conference and need to bring a working laptop with me to link to their projector system. This came up pretty suddenly; my only chance to meet with my co-presenter is in about ten days. Why I'm not sure what I need: In the past, I mostly stuck to browsing the internet and writing on my laptop; maybe making the odd powerpoint presentation now and then or playing a video game. But I've begun learning Python and am extremely interested in machine learning. I generally pick things up pretty quickly, and I learn best by doing. So I'll probably not only be writing my own code, but also grabbing more advanced code and messing with it. I realize this is pretty vague. So I'm not sure how much processing power, storage, etc I really need. It doesn't need to be super tiny or light. I tend to aim for screens around the 15" mark, and it needs to not feel like I'm lugging a bowling ball around and to handle a little jostling in my bag. Asus has served me well in the past, and I've heard good things about HP. I'm not interested in anything Mac-related. My budget isn't huge; I have always bought refurbished. I don't want to put out a specific number because I don't really even have a sense of what's reasonable for my needs. I paid a little under $500 for my current laptop, but only because I got lucky and stumbled upon a really good deal. I don't expect to get that lucky again. Thanks for any and all advice!

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
When Saturday Comes is an independent football magazine focused on giving fans a voice. And on the 30th anniversary of Hillsborough, it's worth going back and reading their original editorial on the disaster. Since 1986 When Saturday Comes (WSC) has covered topics like pitch invasions, the influence of capitalism on the game, racism, fascism, and class. Their coverage on Hillsborough was always focused on the fans, challenging the official narrative of the South Yorkshire Police, the press, and Thatcher's Tory government that blamed drunken fans. In June 1997, this editorial memorialized the passing of Lord Taylor (of the Taylor Report) and the election of New Labour to remember talk about the Tory attitudes towards fans citing Thatcher's fan ID scheme and Hillsborough. Years on they have had editorials the examine the legacy of Hillsborough on Liverpool's fans, combatting outdated attitudes toward Liverpool fans, and the pursuit of justice. (And then when some measure of justice finally came.) WSC remains a beloved institution in football fan culture, covered in The Guardian and The Independent.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I lost a bunch of passwords, and now I need to try to recover my Instagram account password. I am logged into the IG app on my iPhone. Can I get the password out of the IG app?I created this Instagram account tied to a seldom-used Hotmail account. I had the passwords for both the IG account and the Hotmail account written on a low-tech piece of paper for storage. I've lost that piece of paper. Without access to the Hotmail account the IG account is tied to, I can't do the normal password reset process. However, I'm logged into the account on the IG account on my iPhone. (Not on Safari - just on the IG app.) Can I get the IG app to display my password somehow? (I also tried doing password recovery on the Hotmail account, but apparently I don't have enough information.)

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I am considering launching a product. i have the complete marketing profile etc ready and am confident of it. i need to now have it developed (is that all?). i want to freelance a developer for this. help me with the challenges (AKA what don't I know that i don't know?)my questions: where should i post this project to find a freelancer (project is based in USA, florida)? I am looking for well informed or personal experience opinions (from either hirer or hiree, and "stay aways" are good as well as"this site rocked" suggestions) how do i describe and obtain this work without jeopardizing the idea on the open market? the project is only windows 10 and uses specialized (but well documented and publicized) video and audio output cards. does this add special challenge? i have graphical illustrations of the software and narrative of function. what else do i need? let's say this works, i get it built and sell it. is it relatively simple to then hire someone to transition management of the code internal (as opposed to freelance)?? what about development languages? should i bother trying to learn and be sepcific? is there a best practices general language now? how do i approach this? i have loads of experience developing and launching products in a well developed company, but never on my own. things like software languages where solved by people i trusted within a corporate structure.... so that's why these are my main concerns! feel free to offer other relevant knowledge that i am missing (As relates to the actual development process). I am very comfortable with PLM, and the marketing and sales of these products, as well as the industry i aim to enter (dominate!).

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Jonathan Frakes telling you you're wrong for 47 seconds (SLYT, perfection)

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I am writing a book, and there is a source I really, really, really want to use, but it seems to be impossible to verify its authenticity.The source is an 18th-century memoir that makes some shocking revelations about British colonial policies. Personally, having read through it, I don't see anything that is objectionable. I have read a lot about British colonial policies, and what is written in this book seems to correspond with British colonial policies in other regions of the world. Neither have I found anything that has seriously refuted the information this memoir contains, other than to call it 'conspiratorial' without any further elaboration. That's the conundrum I am in: the credibility of the information in the memoir is questionable (although not in my personal opinion), since I haven't found any other independent source to support its claims, but then neither have I found a source that has demonstratively proven this memoir to be fake.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Hi Folks, My family is headed to Greece in early May. We are arriving in Athens around 1p local and need to get to Delphi that night. Is there a bus from the airport? I'm having a tough time finding good info on the web.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
"The automobile is the paradoxical example of a luxury object that has been devalued by its own spread. But this practical devaluation has not yet been followed by an ideological devaluation. The myth of the pleasure and benefit of the car persists, though if mass transportation were widespread its superiority would be striking. The persistence of this myth is easily explained. The spread of the private car has displaced mass transportation and altered city planning and housing in such a way that it transfers to the car functions which its own spread has made necessary. An ideological ("cultural") revolution would be needed to break this circle. Obviously this is not to be expected from the ruling class (either right or left)." The social ideology of the motorcar - André Gorez, 1973. (Uneven Earth)

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Gene Rodman Wolfe, 1931-2019. A titan of science fiction, fantasy, horror, and American literature has passed. Previously.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I will be attending Friday's CHVRCHES show at the Greek Theatre in Berkeley (YAY) and have questions about parking and dinner/drinks.This question has been asked before but it's been years. We will be leaving Sacramento around 3, so expect to get to the general area by 5-ish. Parking on campus is allowed after 5PM, from what I can tell, but I would rather park closer to bars/restaurants, and then walk to the venue. I'm looking for a place to park (reserved preferably) that will not result in us spending an hour in the car waiting to get out of the lot after the show, that is close to somewhere with a good beer selection to get dinner, and that minimizes our walking distance to the venue. Any suggestions?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I'm looking for fun activities for that a 7-year-old - with very limited range of motion of her upper body - can play with an 8-year-old who has complete mobility.7-year old is in a wheelchair. She can flex her arms at the elbow, but does not have shoulder capability. This means that she can move her arms "in and out" or an "closed and open" position, but cannot raise her arms. To get a better understanding, put both your elbows on a table and move your arms about without lifting your elbows. She has an 8-year-old friend who does not have any mobility issues.They both want to spend more time together, but it's hard to find activities that they can both do. Currently they watch TV and play with playdoh, but I was hoping for more inspiration. Ideas that come to mind: - Outdoor scavenger hunt, where they have to solve puzzles to get clues as to where they need to go - Card games - but what type? And that's all I got. Do you have any ideas? I can be present to act as a game-master or moderator, so don't let that hold you back! Thanks!

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
Counting Your Calories? It Might Not Be The Best Way To Track Nutrition Death of the Calorie Why Most Calorie Counts Are Wrong These Infographics Show the Problems With Calorie Counting

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
So the industry standard for dictation to text, Nuance's Dragon software, has been discontinued on the Mac platform. There is a an app for iOS, Dragon Anywhere, but it is...lacking. The biggest problem is that it cuts out and stops recording if it drops the internet connection, but doesn't alert you to this fact. So if, like me, you close your eyes or zone out to get in the flow, you can lose thousands of words. My current work around is to record voice memos, then play those back over a speaker into my freaking phone, which then transcribes them. Which is ridiculous. Help?I don't mind recording voice memos -- I actually like having a back up, as voice transcription software is not the most accurate thing in the world, and I won't always remember a particular turn of phrase when confronted with the Dragon-generated gibberish in the transcribed document -- but having to play them, in real time, into my phone, is, in addition to being silly, double the time commitment. Ideally I would like a service where you can upload audio files and some sort of computer magic transcribes it in ...computer time... but I literally do not know if this is technically possible, let alone available. Does this exist? Does this exist for Mac? If it doesn't exist, is there something less silly that does and that works reasonably well for fiction? I can continue with my ridiculous work around, but would prefer something less dumb. Sidenote: Dragon appears to hate Mac users? And so does Apple? Because WOW does this make Macs super inaccessible for lots of people with disabilities. That is just...wow. Really bad. Which is I think why I'm so gobsmacked -- there's GOT to be something better, right? Right?

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
I was also in the middle of a divorce, and receiving a barrage of emails from my ex-husband telling me in no uncertain terms how horrible I was. That season, I read the news, the emails, the pieces for my job. I couldn't escape the constant torrent. A Greek chorus of women across America spoke with a single voice. "Men are bad. Men are trash," the women said. And yet, all I wanted to do was touch men, taste them—I craved them. I Wanted to Fall in Love With Men. I Also Wanted Men to Leave Me the Hell Alone.

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
... there's a point at which empathy doesn't even look like the kind of universal empathy I was taught in school. There is a natural way that empathy gets triggered in the brain — your pain centers light up when you see another person suffering. But out in the world it starts to look more like tribalism, a way to keep reinforcing your own point of view and blocking out any others. The End of Empathy is part of NPR's Civility Wars series, in which NPR has been traveling the United States to explore how people are grappling with the idea of civility in polarizing times. Civility Wars posts to date: Militias Test The Civility Of An Arizona Border Town -- Out-of-state militias have arrived to patrol the U.S.-Mexico border, raising tensions and fear in tiny Arivaca, Ariz. (April 15, 2019) 'I Love You, But You're Wrong,' And Other Salvos On The Front Lines Of Civility -- Don't talk politics with strangers, we're told. But these days, conversations with even those closest to us can be fraught. How are friends, families keeping things civil across the political divide? (April 14, 2019) Keeping It Civil: How To Talk Politics Without Letting Things Turn Ugly -- Whether it's shouting matches in Congress, feuds on social media, a testy exchange between co-workers or a heated argument among family members, civility increasingly feels like a relic of the past. (April 12, 2019) How President Trump's Angry Tweets Can Ripple Across Social Media -- When Trump posts a mean tweet, how does it make its way across social media into the American consciousness? Researchers crunched the numbers to see if his negative tweets were shared more often. (April 11, 2019) Pastoring A Purple Church: 'I Absolutely Bite My Tongue Sometimes' -- In an era of red and blue polarization, purple congregations are increasingly rare and a challenge to maintain. They learn to avoid some subjects to maintain congregational harmony. (April 6, 2019) Can We Come Together? How Americans Are Trying To Talk Across The Divide -- A growing number of organizations are leading Americans in discussions about sensitive political issues. By at least one count, there are more than 200 of these groups nationwide. (April 4, 2019) In An Increasingly Polarized America, Is It Possible To Be Civil On Social Media? -- Tyler and Larry have never met. But almost every day for the last few years, they get into a fight on Twitter. (March 31, 2019) How Portland Is Dealing With Civil Protest Escalating To Civil Unrest -- Portland, Ore., has a history of embracing protest. But since Trump was elected, civil protest has often boiled over into civil unrest — a problem that's challenging the city's mayor and residents. (March 26, 2019) 'Hear Me By Any Means Necessary': Charlottesville Is Forced To Redefine Civility -- After a deadly white supremacist rally in 2017, once-marginalized voices in Charlottesville, Va., are demanding to be heard by the City Council. That has led to a debate over civility. (March 20, 2019) When Civility Is Used As A Cudgel Against People Of Color -- For people of color, "civility" is often a means of containing them, preventing social mobility and preserving the status quo. (March 14, 2019) In These Divided Times, Is Civility Under Siege? -- Civility is about more than simple politeness. It's a line of respect in public life. It's a comfort to some and repressive to others. And a majority of Americans believe it's in a state of crisis. (March 12, 2019)

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posted 5 days ago on metafilter
While cleaning my basement I found an alarming pile of what I assume is poop, though I would be delighted to discover it was something else.That's 3/4" electrical conduit, for scale. The individual bits are about 1/8" in diameter and very long, in some cases over an inch long. Does anybody recognize this stuff either as a biological product or the result of some erosive process in my concrete floor? There are no signs of mischief in the ceiling above.

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posted 6 days ago on metafilter
I'm getting ready to set up a new Win10 computer, and I was wondering what was the best method for handling Ad-Blocking via HOSTS File these days.On my old computer, I'm using HostMan, and it'd regularly give me out-of-memory errors. This may be because I was subscribed to a lot of different lists. I also had issues where HOSTS file updates would fail because other processes also had the file open which would lock out any edits to the file. I had a separate file-unlocking utility, but often times, the other processes with the HOSTS file open could not be killed, and I would have to wait for them to let go of the file before HostMan could apply its update. So, since I have a chance to start fresh, here are my questions: 1. Is HostMan still the best way to manage the blocking via HOSTS file under Win10, or is there a better utility these days? 2. Is there any way to prioritize HostMan or whatever other utility that is out there so that it can make its edits to update the file even if other processes are trying to access it (some combination of running the utility as an elevated-privileges special account and customized file permissions, perhaps)? 3. What lists should I subscribe to for optimal Ad-Blocking and malware protection? 4. I'm aware of Pi-Hole but I had been hoping to avoid off-computer solutions. I've heard that Pi-Hole's software can be run on Windows in a Docker container, but I'm not at all familiar with Docker, is the process especially complex, and is Docker free?

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posted 6 days ago on metafilter
Berlin has redesigned their transit map. A detailed case study shows which considerations went into the new design.

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posted 6 days ago on metafilter
Andy Anderson wears a helmet. Andy Anderson goes up and down stairs.

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posted 6 days ago on metafilter
A Cancelled Board Game Revealed How Colonialism Inspires and Haunts Games [Waypoint] "On April 7th, prominent publisher of board wargames GMT Games released a statement announcing that they'd pulled a game from their pre-order list: Scramble for Africa. The game, portraying the eponymous invasion of the African continent by European powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, seemed like one that portrayed the colonial period in Africa in a simplistic way, ultimately rewarding players for being the best at recreating a piece of history that included genocide in Namibia and mass enslavement in the Belgian Congo Free State. It had come under heavy critique from board gamers for, in the words of GMT's own statement, "both topic and treatment" of its colonialist historical setting. " • How Board Games Handle Slavery [Waypoint] "In discussing slavery as a gameplay mechanic, special care must be taken in determining the designer's intent. Is the game design meant to acknowledge the abhorrence of slavery? Are slaves central to any victory conditions? Do we as players have direct influence over the establishment? There are a number of examples from which to pull answers, and certainly I have not covered them all here, not by a long shot. It is morally wrong to avoid the topic of slavery as if it never happened, but game designers need to take care to utilize it in a way that feels thematic and does not glorify the establishment. In this way, many games can serve as a lesson in history and respect, while at the same time providing a satisfying and thought-provoking play experience." • Do board games have a colonial problem? [ITB Board Games] "In hugely popular games like Puerto Rico, Age Of Empires or Imperial Settlers players are actively encouraged in taking actions that in reality equated to the displacement and murder of native groups and the exploitation of slave labour. The way in which games like these treat historic injustices is arguably problematic. However, many who love these games can defend their themes by claiming that fun is most important – and that critiquing complex sociohistorical problems in the world is not the job of a board game designer. Understanding our shared history is important; especially so when it comes to issues like colonialism that have had such a powerful impact on our world. Engaging with history in various ways, even through board games, can be an incredibly valuable way of understanding this impact. However, the way in which board games fail to be critical of certain aspects of history, definitely paints colonialism in an unjustly positive light. (In the previously mentioned games there are no alternatives – if you fail or refuse to engage then you simply lose the game)." • Our Love Affair With Colonialism [Story Board Gamer] "Indeed, one of the general compliments given to historical games is some kind of call to authenticity. Games get praised for 'not shirking away from historical ugliness' or a variation of this theme. These accolades are meant to celebrate our ability as a mature audience to contemplate, engage, and appreciate historical vulgarities. When we talk about history it is important it as the constant work of many subjects. Some seek to propagandise, proselytise, and otherwise myth-make a given sequence of events. There is always some level of authorial intent writing history. Nostalgia is a particular way of romanticising the past, of casting events once gleaned through a rather generous light or otherwise telling a very particular side of a narrative. Historical approaches reveal their intend when they pick stories that give agency to the people of the majority, of people who are nominally powerful." • A 1940s Board Game for French Kids Taught Tactics for Successful Colonialism [Slate] "Published in 1941, this "Trading Game: France—Colonies" aimed to teach French children the basics of colonial management. Players drew cards corresponding to colony names, then had to deploy cards representing assets like boats, engineers, colonists, schools, and equipment, in order to win cards representing the exports of the various colonies. "Images on the game," Getty Research Institute curator Isotta Poggi writes in her blog post on the document, "provide a vivid picture of the vast variety of resources, including animals, plants, and minerals, that the colonies provided to France." Cartoons on the cards depict coal (mined by a figure clearly intended to be a "native"), rubber, wood, and even wild animals. Along the way, players needed to avoid pitfalls like sickness, "laziness," and intemperance (illustrated by a cartoon of a red-cheeked white man in khakis and a white hat, served by a "native" in "traditional" dress). Once the cards representing a colony's major exports had been won, the colony was considered "exploitée," and was out of the game." • Spirit Island: Finally, an anti-colonialist board game [Ars Technica] "A side effect of Euro-style board games' preoccupation with European history as a theme is that many such games hinge on colonialism. Most board games are not "pro-colonialist," of course, but simulating a long history of European imperialism necessarily means that a lot of us sit around on game nights trying to figure out the most efficient way to exploit the resources (and sometimes, uncomfortably, the people) of a newly "discovered" land. Spirit Island, a cooperative strategy game for one to four players, flips this well-worn script on its head. Instead of playing as settlers building out villages and roads in a new land, you and your friends take on the role of god-like elemental spirits charged with protecting the island's various landscapes from those pesky invaders, who are controlled by the game itself. It's kind of like a complex, wildly asymmetric Pandemic—but here, people are the disease. The island's natives are there to help you fight back when they can, but it's mostly up to you and your teammates to destroy the settlers' fledgling cities, remove the blight they introduce as they ravage your pristine lands, and gain more and better powers to help you on your way. Gameplay is driven by cards, and as the game progresses, you'll get more and better powers and strike more and more fear into the invaders' hearts. Drive them off to win."

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