posted less than an hour ago on metafilter
northern Italy, southern Germany and Austria - what is a must see?We live near Nice and are considering going to Munich during the school break during the last two weeks of October. We are a family of four, kids 6 and 8. One option would be to drive and see some sights on the way. Just curious what the weather and sights might be like on this route toward the end of October. Also, do these drive times look accurate? Is there anything you have seen in any of these places that is really great, especially if it is kid-related, kid-friendly? Day 1 - Nice to Lake Como - 5 hrs Day 2 - Lake Como through Lichtenstein to Lake Constance - 4 1/2 hrs Day 3 - on to Munich - 3 hrs Day 4 & 5 - Munich Day 6 - Munich to Salzburg - 2 1/2 hrs Day 7 - Salzburg to Venice - 4 1/2 hrs Day 8 - Venice to Nice - 6 hrs

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posted about 1 hour ago on metafilter
In 1991, a documentary, intended to be the first of a series on celebrity businessmen, was completed. It was screened twice, but its subject prevented its release and it was clear that continuing the series wasn't worth the trouble. So why has that film been released almost a quarter of a century later? Because that same businessman is now running for president. Trump: What's the Deal? (trailer, direct Vimeo link to full film, unofficial YouTube mirror)

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posted about 1 hour ago on metafilter
After sixty-eight years, Cooch-Behar is no more. At midnight on Friday the almost-fractal boundary between India and Bangladesh was rationalised, erasing 162 enclaves and counter-enclaves, including Dahala-Khagrabari, the world's only counter-counter-enclave as well as what was, at one time, the world's only part-time enclave. The move will allow residents to access social services of their respective nations from which they were previously cut off, although for many people it comes with problems of its own. Here is a summary of the changes, and what appears to be a definitive account of Cooch-Behar, by Brendan Whyte, is available here.

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posted about 2 hours ago on metafilter
It started because I was trying to tell my kids about how typewriters worked (because of course they've never seen one), and all the existing typewriter simulators that I could find on the web get one very basic thing wrong - when you press backspace, they erase the character you just typed, like a computer. On a real typewriter, backspace simply moves the carriage back one space, allowing you to overtype a previously typed character. Erasing requires Tipp-Ex or suchlike.

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posted about 2 hours ago on metafilter
Great Confrontations at the Oxford Union: That Englishmen are Funnier Than Americans was the third in a series of debates held at the Oxford Union debating hall in 1986, attempting to settle the debate over who is funnier, the Americans or the British. Other debates: Great Confrontations at the Oxford Union: Casper Weinberger vs E.P. Thompson, Great Confrontations at the Oxford Union: "That all Nuclear Weapons are Morally Indefensible"

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posted about 3 hours ago on metafilter
We had great Spotify playlists revolving around a particular genre on the Blue and Ask before, be it naju's huge 90s indie/alt playlist, the power pop playlist linked by Sonny Jim or mountmccabe's shoegaze playlist. Please help me find more!My favorite use of Spotify is to load a playlist of a particular genre and shuffle my way through it. Sadly, aside from the above examples, I haven't found many playlists that would work for me: the search function brings up too many unloving or half-baked compilations, whereas Spotify's own genre playlists are trying too hard to please everybody and don't delve terribly deep into the matter at hand. With the above examples you can feel/hear that they are works of passion, by people who listened to a specific genre to an excess and are thus much more suited (for me) to discover new artists or even genres. I want more of those. Whatever the genre - everything is welcome, as long it goes beyond mere surface level genre introduction and/or most popular/obvious song choices. Oh and don't shy away from sharing your own if you're a nerd in this or that genre. Thanks!

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posted about 3 hours ago on metafilter
"Old Weird America", you say? I got some right here for ya: Oh, My Pretty Monkey, by Kelly Harrell. More Kelly Harrell: Rovin' Gambler New River Train The Wreck On The Southern Old 97 I Was Born About 10,000 Years Ago Butcher's Boy I Wish I Was a Single Girl Again The Dying Hobo

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posted about 3 hours ago on metafilter
What you get if you put Shatner's version of "Common People" to clips of the original Star Trek series (Previously from 2008: The Animated Version.)

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posted about 4 hours ago on metafilter
You're a psychotherapist, your client comes in for a scheduled appointment and seems to have a cold (runny nose, coughing, blowing their nose, sneezing). The client says "It's just allergies."You guessed it, two days later you've got the mother of all head colds and will probably end up having to cancel two or three days of paying clients as a result (not a wonderful thing, as a contractual therapist you only get paid if you see clients). What would you do? 1. If the client shows up, hope it isn't contagious and spend an hour in a small office with their symptoms. 2. Tell the client that, since they seem to have an illness that may be contagious, they will need to reschedule when they are feeling better? Keep in mind that the client may have driven 20 miles to come to the appointment and it will probably be at least a week before there will be another opening. Also, if you were the client, how would you feel about your therapist canceling in this situation. Thanks in advance for your thoughts and please pass the tissues.

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posted about 6 hours ago on metafilter
I am a 22 year old female and live in the US. Currently I'm looking for career and school advice. Making decisions is so hard for me though because I tend to overthink and be doubtful of myself. Advice?About School. After I graduated high school I wasn't sure of what I wanted to do. I took part in a program that my school had where I did some tutoring hours and got decent grades and was granted free community college, which was awesome!! I went to a community college a few minutes away from my house and majored in General Transfer Studies. I just graduated in December with okay grades. It's been 4 years out of high school now. About my working life. I've always worked in food service, since I was 16. Currently I'm a barista. I want a different job. Working in a coffee shop seems to be a dead end sort of job for me. I also don't like the hours or being on my feet so long and I feel the job is more suited for an extrovert, which I am not. I make $12/hour there actually, which is pretty good, I don't get full time hours though, maybe 30 a week. I don't think 40 hrs would be good for my health though, mentally or physically. Before I recently started considering pursuing a particular career, I was looking at office type jobs for my next move possibly. It would get me out of food service and into the business world. A couple weeks ago I was talking to a customer at my coffee shop and she was telling me about her career in speech pathology. I've been keeping my ears open for learning about new careers, so I researched it after I got off work. It sounded really interesting. It pays pretty well and sounds like very rewarding work, to help people communicate. There are plenty of jobs. You can work in a variety of settings, from schools to hospitals and nursing homes. I think I might like that work. You have to have a Master's degree to be one. I looked up programs in my area/state, as I was pretty excited and wanted to find out how I could become one. There are 3 schools in my city that have the program, they are all private schools and the cheapest one of them is $24,000 per year. The other two are $38,000 and $43,000. Too much for me. There is also a school that is 40 minutes away actually in another state (but I would get in state tuition) that is $10,300 per year. There are 7 other programs in my state. The next closest school and the cheapest out of all 11 options is 1.5 hours away and costs just under $7,000 per year. I am working on setting up a job shadowing with a local hospital or school to see if this career is right for me. I also haven't mentioned yet, I do have a boyfriend of almost 10 months. Going to school away would put us at long distance status... But I also know that I shouldn't base my future around a guy. My options, as I see for myself, are this. A. Find a receptionist/secretary job. Pros: Would get me out of the food service industry, could maybe hope to move up in a company and begin a career in the business world. Could stay in my city. Could maybe make enough money to move out of my dad's house? I really want to move out and start my own life. Cons: Probably wouldn't be too passionate about working in the business world, wouldn't make much money as a low level office worker, maybe couldn't move up much in a competitive company without a degree. B. Go to nearby school for Speech Pathology. Pros: School is on the cheap side. It is close by so maybe I could commute from home and save money that way. I could be close to my boyfriend and family. Cons: Would have to take out loans, Don't really want to go there, wouldn't like the 40 minute commute, probably wouldn't be too involved in the school living that far away, would probably keep living at home or C. I could move to a cheaper school 1.5 hours away for Speech Pathology. Pros: Could start over somewhere, could live on my own which would be a great growth opportunity, could explore a new town, meet new people, it's the cheapest option (except for adding on rent, which I think I could include in my student loans, I would get a job down there too to help). Could be pretty involved in the school. It's where my boyfriend and best friend went to college and they said they knew people down there and would help me find a job. It's in a small college town and the cost of living is very very low. Cons: It's scary moving away. What if I don't make friends. What if I'm lonely. What if I hate it. It's a small town as well, both good and bad thing. What if it's the wrong decision. Would be long distance status in my relationship. I just don't know where to take my life, but I need to take it somewhere. I've felt much more positive about my life since I've been looking for new jobs and looking at schools. I was so excited the other day looking at the school that is 1.5 hours away and searching apartments there and thinking about a life I could have there. I just need the confidence to make a leap and make the best of it. Any advice anyone could offer would be very appreciated. Thank you so much!!

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posted about 7 hours ago on metafilter
Disney's Practical Guide to Path Tracing (YouTube) Hyperion handles several million light rays at a time by sorting and bundling them together according to their directions. When the rays are grouped in this way, many of the rays in a bundle hit the same object in the same region of space. This similarity of ray hits allows us – and the computer – to optimize the calculations for the objects hit. Surrounding article Publication: Sorted Deferred Shading for Production Path Tracing (PDF)

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posted about 7 hours ago on metafilter
The dentist told me my teeth are hypercalcified and that is why they're strong, but when I look up "hypercalcification" it seems to be a defect. Anyone heard of this?I am in my 30s and have never been prone to developing cavities, though I love candy and am not a terribly meticulous brusher. I went to the dentist recently and he said that my teeth have deep grooves but are unusually strong because the enamel is hypercalcified. When I google hypercalcification, everything I find describes it as a defect that stains teeth. Does anyone know what causes it? Does it commonly have a protective quality?

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posted about 9 hours ago on metafilter
American schoolkids had spelling bees, British schoolkids had Shakespeare competitions, Malaysian schoolkids had choral speaking: a Greek-theatre-inspired cross between spoken word and choir, commonly used to teach English. While the concept is not unique to Malaysia, it has definitely become a core part of Malaysian education, with Government guidelines for national competitions, schools marking it as cornerstones of their history, and feel-good pieces about country bumpkin schools beating out the city kids. Choral speaking scripts run the gamut, but tend to follow common themes such as teenage life, school days (including boarding schools and teachers), media and arts, as well as how Malaysia is awesome (or not). Besides the script and the performance, the conductors are also graded, leading to them adding their own flair. While choral speaking tends to be for secondary/high schoolers, sometimes primary/elementary schoolers get in on the fun.

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posted about 9 hours ago on metafilter
I have decided to go gray after coloring my hair for many years, but my current hair stylist is against it. Worse than that, I don't think she knows much about techniques to help me through the process as gracefully as possible. I'm hoping to get suggestions for stylists in my area who can help me through the long, awkward, painful process.I've been coloring my hair a medium brown for a long time now, getting my roots touched up every 4 weeks. I believe that at this point my hair is about 80% gray underneath all that color. Also, the hair that's not gray is naturally several shades darker than the dyed part. Because my hair is straight, as it grows out there's a very obvious, clear demarcation between the lighter colored part and the gray and darker part. In January I made an attempt to give up coloring it, but I chickened out when I saw what it looked like with almost an inch of grown-out roots and how awful it looked. It just looks like I've given up on myself and am too lazy (or poor) to care. I work in a professional office downtown, the only middle-aged woman there, and it just feeds into all my fears of being perceived as frumpy and unsophisticated. I've been watching a bunch of videos and reading blogs about women who've made the transition to gray, and I feel inspired to try again. But I need help with techniques to help mitigate the awfulness. I know one option is to cut the hair short--and I love short hair--but because I am very overweight with an extremely short neck and very fat chin, short hair is very unflattering on me. Right now my hair is in a straight, slightly-layered bob at just-longer-than chin length. My current hairdresser is very much against my letting the gray grow out, which I understand as I am now a steady source of income for her. Can any of you recommend a hair stylist in the Arlington-Belmont-Cambridge-Lexington area that specializes in working with middle aged women and helping them make the transition from colored to gray?

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posted about 9 hours ago on metafilter
I didn't even realize this was something I wanted until I realized all the women in my life (mom, sister, and the new awesome girlfriend) all nearly simultaneously (but independently) kinda got sad about me not having any friends. After thinking about it, that got me bummed too.At first I felt defensive, I'm good with people and things are looking up romance wise... but I do wish I had friends. Always have, really. But honestly, when you're outta college how do guys even meet other guys? And when I do talk to guys it usually doesn't feel like we're actually talking, we just make small talk and DO things. So what's a dude to do? Background - I'm 24, my job is mostly working with kids and older women. Met my current girlfriend through online dating because while I love one on one socializing and do well with it, group dynamics frustrate me because of all the posturing, insincerity, etc. Always had trouble getting on with "the guys" growing up - don't like sports, beer, or super nerdy table top role playing or whatever. I like writing, camping, and the usual lazy consumption of Internet, TV, and video games. What I really like is doing new things and talking to someone I trust. I crave emotional intimacy and my favorite conversations are ones where I open up and feel a bit vulnerable. Obviously, that shit usually isn't advisable with guys, especially since I live in a conservative and religious southern area of the USA. I get on well with women, but my introverted nature, lack of things in common, and weird romantic/sexual tension usually makes female friendships fizzle. Can't blame them though - like many of the men I know, including my father, I haven't made friendship a priority because it seemed unnecessary and, to an extent, feminine and weak. My very conventional dream has always been to be a good husband and perhaps eventually a good father to a loving family - and I always thought that would be all I need. But more and more I am hearing from the people I value in life that thinking like that is both unhealthy and selfish to this hypothetical family because they would have to bear being my only emotional outlet. So... How do I make friends? How do I find guys I can be "me" with? How do I take the risk in reaching out for friendship when that can mean seeming less manly and losing status in social situations? And how do I value and help the friendship grow when I haven't done that shit since middle school?

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posted about 10 hours ago on metafilter
The Imaginary Network rounds up under categories the various subreddits for imaginary art such as Imaginary Cityscapes, Ebony, Architecture, Ruins, History, Science, Starships, Aww, Weather, Armored Women and more.

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posted about 11 hours ago on metafilter
What to eat at 28 North American airports

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posted about 11 hours ago on metafilter
Among the various banal details involved in the actual household-dividing of a breakup, it no longer seems quite appropriate to share my ex's Netflix account. I had my own profile within the account; her profile is the primary. How do I translate my profile into an independent account?Searching on ways to export and back up Netflix profiles turned up an awful lot of old stuff (predating several interface redesigns), and a few posts flatly stating that it can't be done. Is this really an unsolved problem? Households (whether familial, romantic, or just housemates) dissolve with some regularity. Is there no way to deal with this kind of change on the Netflix front? I'd settle for a queue-export tool, although it'd be best if I could export-and-import (or simply transfer) both my queue and my current position on TV shows. I don't need ratings backup or transfer.

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posted about 12 hours ago on metafilter
Ontario has hit peak ribfest. This is a distinctly heartland phenomenon: More than two-million people will visit one of the province's 65 ribfests this summer. (There are only three dedicated ribfests in British Columbia; Alberta has two.) The surprising politics of Ontario's growing ribfest industry.

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posted about 13 hours ago on metafilter
The kids have two Minecraft Gamebands and struggle to plug them into the back of the iMac. I bought a pretty generic USB 2.0 extension cord but the USB 3.0 Gameband plugs don't fit the extension. Both are very slightly too big. Other USB devices fit the extension. I thought USB 2.0 and 3.0 were dimensionally equivalent. Am I wrong? Any recommendations for an extension that will work with the Gameband?

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posted about 14 hours ago on metafilter
Linguists are now finally alerting the Canadian and world public to the Great Canadian Vowel Shift which noone in general had really noticed before

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posted about 14 hours ago on metafilter
Caravaggio [Part 1] [Part 2] [Part 3] [Part 4] [Part 5] [Part 6] [Part 7] Art critic Robert Hughes reflects on the work of troubled Italian artist Caravaggio.

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posted about 14 hours ago on metafilter
Geoffroi de Charny (c. 1300 – 19 September 1356) was a French knight and author of at least three works on chivalry. One of his works, Questions for the Joust, Tournaments and War consists of a series of open-ended questions regarding the law of tournaments and the proper conduct of war. The complete set of questions has been translated into English and made available online. Of the three sets of questions, the questions concerning war tend to be more philosophical and give a fascinating insight into the moral and strategic issues that were important to medieval knights. For example: W 6: A captain and lord of a country meets another one of the same sort in war; and they come to the point of combat. Which will be better: that the captain goes before his banner and his banner after him, or that the banner should be in front and the captain behind? W 7: Two captains as described above fight each other. One is defeated but remains on the field so long that he sees and understands that he is unable to recover his fortunes or the day; and the battle has been very well fought. Which is the better thing for him to do: remain and take his chances, or leave so that he can recoup? And if he leaves, should he thereby lose his honor? W 25: In so far as there are two types of war, and the one kind should be fought differently than the other, as some say. One kind is guerre guerriable, which takes place as a dispute from one frontier to another in disdain of one lord for another, and which often is able to move from one frontier to another in a variety of ways. The other kind of war is the desire to conquer a country, which one claims as lord but another lord holds. And this kind of war of conquest ought not to be waged. Some say war is more suitable in the manner of guerre guerriable. And so I ask how a war of conquest ought to be conducted. W 30: There is a battle as above in which many men at arms of the defeated party depart and go away. Some consider that these have gone on their honor without being defeated; and many others consider that those who have gone are defeated. How can this be? W 31: A captain of men at arms rides out in the field and orders some of his scouts to see the situation of his enemies who are in the field; and these scouts are among the more capable of his people. And at the approach of their enemies one party of their enemies pursues them as fast as they can go; and the scouts retreat from their enemies and are able to retreat without loss. So there are some of the scouts who turn back and meet their enemies, and perform arms like good people should; and others retreat to their captain and make their report. Which of these are to be more valued and praised: those who went back to their lord or those who are praised?

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posted about 15 hours ago on metafilter
We baked some pork spareribs and forgot to remove part of the plastic wrapping. Will it kill us if we eat it (the pork, not the wrapping)?My lovely wonderful boyfriend cooks delicious dinners for me, and tonight he baked pork spareribs. To his immense chagrin, he neglected to remove part of the plastic wrapper -- the part underneath the meat which was conveniently nearly the same color as the meat itself. It was baked at 300 deg for about 2-and-a-half hours. The meat smells delicious. But he fears that if we eat it, we'll drop dead from ingested plastic molecules that might have vaporized and settled in the meat during cooking. We shall bow to the collective wisdom of Metafilter. What do you guys think -- eat or not?

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posted about 16 hours ago on metafilter
Are you someone who thought the Segway had too many wheels? Airwheel is an electric self-balancing unicycle popular in China that will murder your shins.

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