posted 10 days ago on ars technica
Google News will shortly shut down in Spain, the first time the news-search service has abandoned an entire national market. The move is a response to Spain's new intellectual property law, which would require Google to pay publishers in that country for publishing even small excerpts of their content. The head of Google News, Richard Gingras, explained the decision in a blog post earlier today, which reads in part: Sadly, as a result of a new Spanish law, we’ll shortly have to close Google News in Spain. Let me explain why. This new legislation requires every Spanish publication to charge services like Google News for showing even the smallest snippet from their publications, whether they want to or not. As Google News itself makes no money (we do not show any advertising on the site) this new approach is simply not sustainable. So it’s with real sadness that on 16 December (before the new law comes into effect in January) we’ll remove Spanish publishers from Google News, and close Google News in Spain. Read 6 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 10 days ago on ars technica
Violent crime in the United States kills 150 people every day, injuring 6,000 more. Disadvantaged minority youth are disproportionately affected, being more likely to be both perpetrators and victims. This is a population desperately in need of interventions to reduce violent crime. Conventional wisdom says that if you want to reduce crime, you need to ensure that everyone has a job. In theory, unemployment causes psychological stress, weakens social bonds, and causes people to perceive punishment for crime as less costly, since there’s less to lose. However, empirical social science studies on the impact of youth employment programs don’t have such clear-cut results. Many programs don’t lower crime at all, and those that do are so intense that the costs outweigh the benefits. The theory is sound, but the results don’t show. A recent randomized, controlled trial published in Science found that certain kinds of employment programs might have an effect after all, if they target the right problems at the right time. Research in medicine and education suggests that intervening before a problem develops leads to better outcomes, with less intensive treatment. Read 11 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 10 days ago on ars technica
The Supreme Court of Canada has ruled in a 4-3 decision that law enforcement can search someone’s phone when they get arrested—but that such a search must be directly connected to that arrest and the officers must keep detailed notes. The Canadian decision offers a significant difference between a related decision (Riley v. California) from the United States Supreme Court, which ruled 9-0 in June 2014 that law enforcement cannot search an arrestee’s phone unless they have a warrant. The Canadian case, known as Kevin Fearon v. Her Majesty the Queen, revolves around a woman operating a jewelry stall in July 2009 at a flea market in Toronto’s Downsview neighborhood. Toward the end of the day, as the victim was packing up, she was held at gunpoint by two men and was ordered to open her car. The men took an estimated CAD$10,000 ($9,800) to CAD$40,000 ($39,200) worth of jewelry. Read 5 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 10 days ago on ars technica
The time frames of climate change challenge us in a number of ways. For one thing, it’s difficult to personally experience changes in climate in an obvious and reliable way. (Our sense and memories are a little less precise than thermometers.) And it’s hard to feel a sense of urgency about something changing gradually, especially when the benefits of dealing with it also accrue gradually. Imagine convincing a four-year-old that cleaning his or her room would be a worthwhile investment of Saturday mornings if you had to add “but it’s going to take a couple years before you’ll notice a difference.” You might as well be pitching the joys of early bedtimes and adventurous diets. If you believe you won’t live to see the benefits of any cuts made in greenhouse gas emissions today, a selfish case for action is harder to make. So will any of us see any difference as a result of cutbacks in emissions? A popular 2010 post on the SkepticalScience.com website approached this question from the opposite direction, presenting an estimate for how long it takes to realize the warming from emitted CO2. Largely because the ocean takes up heat slowly, the full force of that greenhouse warming isn’t felt immediately. That post threw out 40 years as an estimate for the lag between emissions and perceptible warming, based on a 1985 paper’s calculation for the time to reach 60 percent of the long-term warming. However, that number was based on a scenario in which CO2 increases and then stays constant. Read 9 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 10 days ago on ars technica
CN.dart.call("xrailTop", {sz:"300x250", kws:[], collapse: true});It's no secret that Windows Phone and the Lumia smartphone range have had the most success at the low end. The Lumia 520 sold like hot cakes thanks to aggressive pricing, and it's still on the market today, with the Microsoft Store currently running a special offer where an AT&T-locked, off-contract phone can be picked up for less than $30. The successor to the 520 was the Lumia 530, and it had big, if cheap, shoes to fill. Unfortunately, we don't think it really pulled this off, with less storage, no auto-brightness sensor, and a markedly worse screen. The Lumia 630 and 635 were more compelling, with decent screens and more capable cameras. However, they still had only 512MB RAM and lacked the ambient light sensor, which felt a little substandard for their price point. The Lumia 535 gives the low-end Lumias a much-needed kick in the pants. This is the first Lumia phone to ship with Microsoft—not Nokia—branding, and it's a big step up from the 520 and 530. Read 21 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Microsoft has added Bitcoin support to Microsoft accounts. Bitcoin funds can be added to accounts to enable digital purchases from the Windows, Windows Phone, Xbox Games, Xbox Music, and Xbox Video stores. Bitcoin support is currently limited to adding fixed dollar amounts to accounts; there's no direct purchase option. Up to $100 can be added at a time, and presently the option is only available to US accounts. The Bitcoin support comes via BitPay. Other early commercial Bitcoin supporters, including PayPal and Newegg, also use BitPay. We understand that the company has no plans at this time to add support for Linden Dollars, InterStellar Kredits or Project Entropia Dollars. Read on Ars Technica | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Here's one of those hidden-in-plain-sight industry secrets: headlines sell. Whether it's cover lines on your favorite magazine, the title of a new novel, or headlines on Ars and elsewhere, good display text should draw readers in and spell out what's coming. When it comes to headlines and 20th century comic books, there's one phrase that keeps popping up. Several books—not, one, not two, not three—boldly claim the title of "The Battle of the Century" on their covers. But since that 100 years is now behind us, we can look back to decide which truly was the Battle of the Century (and possibly call everyone else a liar). What should constitute the Battle of the Century? To these comics, it's two main things. First, the two combatants must both be at the top of their game. That's more in terms of popularity and relevance than pure ability (Lil' Abner versus Superman wouldn't be fair otherwise). The second requirement is as easy—the battle itself has to somehow be epic. While doing research, we didn't limit candidates to books using the word "battle"; we also included things like "fight, "bout," and "showdown." The extravagant claim simply had to appear on the cover. Read 171 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
My favorite video On Wednesday the Office of Naval Research (ONR) announced that it would approve an experimental laser weapon for use on the USS Ponce in the Persian Gulf. The laser weapon system is part of a $40-million research program to test directed energy weapons, and it is the first to be officially deployed and operated on a naval vessel. The US Navy has been testing the use of this particular system since September (Ars reported on the planned tests in March). According to USNI News, the Navy spent a year developing new Rules of Engagement for the weapon that stipulated that humans should not be targets of the weapon, although details beyond that are not known. The weapon has a range of about a mile. In speaking to USNI News, ONR Rear Admiral Matthew Klunder said that “The captain of [the USS Ponce] has all of the authorities necessary if there was a threat inbound to that ship to protect our sailors and Marines [and] we would defend that ship with that laser system.” Klunder added that the laser weapon system would be used against drones, helicopters, or patrol craft. Read 3 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Bloomberg News is reporting evidence of a watershed event in the annals of cyberwarfare, a 2008 hack attack that caused a Turkish oil pipeline to spectacularly burst into flames. If true, the hack could rewrite the history of cyberwar. The first known use of a computer hack to cause physical damage on an enemy is the Stuxnet worm, which in 2009 caused the destruction of uranium centrifuges in Iran's Natanz nuclear facility. (The malware was unleashed on a handful of carefully selected targets a year or so earlier, journalist and author Kim Zetter reported in a recent book, but it took time for the malware to infect its intended target.) The timing has earned Stuxnet the title of the world's first digital weapon. The Bloomberg account suggests the hack on the Turkish pipeline occurred around the same time Stuxnet was released and was able to successfully detonate its payload a year earlier than Stuxnet. As described by Bloomberg, attackers gained access to the pipeline's computerized operational controls and increased the pressure of the crude oil flowing inside. By hacking the video and sensors that closely monitored the 1,099-mile Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, the attackers were able to prevent operators from learning of the blast until 40 minutes after it happened, from a security worker who saw the flames, Bloomberg said. As many as 60 hours of surveillance video were also erased. According to Bloomberg: Read 1 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Consider the trackpad. The ones in Windows laptops are rarely (if ever) their best feature, but they nevertheless remain ubiquitous. Synaptics is one of the biggest names in trackpads, and today it announced a new one called the "SecurePad" that integrates a fingerprint reader into the trackpad itself rather than as a separate component. The SecurePad will have a small, 4mm by 10mm sensor on the trackpad's surface that can scan a "fingertip placed at any angle on the sensor." Said sensor will be available in a variety of different Synaptics trackpads, including the TouchPad, ClickPad, and ForcePad, and those trackpads will all be available in a variety of sizes. LED lights will provide feedback and allow the sensor to be used in dark environments. Fingerprint data traveling between the sensor and the "host processor" is encrypted to prevent the information from being accessed by other apps (Apple uses a similar sort of encryption with TouchID, and it prevents user apps from accessing fingerprint data in transit). We've contacted Synaptics to see if storing and reading fingerprints securely requires a separate chip to be installed in laptops that use the SecurePad and to get more detail on how this encryption works—we'll update this article if we receive a response. Read 3 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Internet service providers have consistently told the government that utility regulation of broadband would harm infrastructure investment. AT&T has (not very convincingly) claimed that it can't consider any new fiber upgrades while the Federal Communications Commission debates whether to impose utility rules on broadband under Title II of the Communications Act. But Verizon struck a blow to that narrative yesterday when Chief Financial Officer Francis Shammo said utility rules will not influence how Verizon invests in its networks. Speaking at a UBS investor conference (see transcript at Seeking Alpha), Shammo was asked, "Obviously there's a lot of commentary coming out of Washington about this move to Title II... What's your view of that potential occurrence down in Washington and does it affect your view on the attractiveness of investing further in the United States?" Read 8 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
In November, the Google-branded HTC Nexus 9 arrived in a spanking-new Lollipop-shaped cradle, giving Google a chance to reaffirm that, hey, you want to own an Android tablet. But things didn’t quite work out that way. The Lollipop OS update wasn’t the problem; rather, Nexus 9’s mix of high price, unremarkable hardware, and so-so performance added up to something decidedly less than a “statement” device, like Nexus models past, and hopes for Android’s iPad killer faded quickly. Specs at a glance: Nvidia Shield Tablet Screen 1920×1200 8" (281 PPI) IPS LCD OS Android 5.0 Lollipop CPU Tegra K1 quad-core 2.2GHz Cortex-A15 RAM 2GB GPU Nvidia 192-core Kepler Storage 16GB or 32GB (plus up to 128GB micro-SD card) Networking 802.11n 2x2 Mimo 2.4GHz and 5GHz Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.0, optional LTE (Bands 2, 4, 5, 7, 17) Ports Micro-USB, headphone, micro Camera 5MP rear camera, 5MP front camera Size 8.8" × 5" × 0.36" (221 x 126 x 9.1 mm) Weight 13.7oz (390g) Battery 19.75 Wh (non-removable) Starting price $299 Since then, Lollipop has spread pretty far and wide on newer hardware models, but one of the very first to get the official OS upgrade treatment was an unexpected choice: the Nvidia Shield Tablet. This gaming-first device got lost in the 2014 tablet shuffle, which we blame on a few factors. For one, Android has yet to prove itself as a hardcore gaming OS, as evidenced by underwhelming micro-consoles like the Ouya and Amazon Fire, so its allure as a gaming device didn’t catch fire. Worse, Nvidia’s device suffered delays, and it shared its name with last year’s bulky, cheap-feeling, and disappointing Nvidia Shield Portable. Read 31 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Four companies were given the OK to bypass the federal bar of using drones for commercial purposes—for construction site monitoring and oil rig flare stack inspections, regulators said Wednesday. "Unmanned aircraft offer a tremendous opportunity to spur innovation and economic activity by enabling many businesses to develop better products and services for their customers and the American public," said Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. “We want to foster commercial uses of this exciting technology while taking a responsible approach to the safety of America’s airspace." The Federal Aviation Administration has maintained since at least 2007 that the commercial operation of drones is illegal. Earlier this year, it began slowly granting exceptions on an application-by-application basis. Read 6 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
A judge in San Diego, California, ruled Tuesday against a local bankruptcy lawyer who had attempted to put a stop to Yelp’s lawsuit against him. Specifically, Julian McMillan asked the court more than six months ago to issue an anti-SLAPP ruling. A "SLAPP," or strategic lawsuit against public participation, is a type of lawsuit meant to stifle speech—one where one party employs tactics against a smaller target by drawing out the suit in terms of time and money and intimidating the defendant. Yelp sued McMillan in August 2013. The lawsuit, filed in San Francisco, alleges breach of contract, intentional interference with contract, unfair competition, and false advertising. Read 18 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Researchers have uncovered yet another international espionage campaign that's so sophisticated and comprehensive that it could only have been developed with the backing of a well resourced country. Inception, as the malware is dubbed in a report published Tuesday by Blue Coat Labs, targets devices running Windows, Android, BlackBerry, and iOS, and uses free accounts on Swedish cloud service Cloudme to collect pilfered data. Malware infecting Android handsets records incoming and outgoing phone calls to MP4 sound files that are periodically uploaded to the attackers. The researchers also uncovered evidence of an MMS phishing campaign designed to work on at least 60 mobile networks in multiple countries in an attempt to infect targeted individuals. "There clearly is a well-resourced and very professional organization behind Inception, with precise targets and intentions that could be widespread and harmful," the Blue Coat report stated. "The complex attack framework shows signs of automation and seasoned programming, and the number of layers used to protect the payload of the attack and to obfuscate the identity of the attackers is extremely advanced, if not paranoid." Read 9 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Apple founder Steve Jobs came back from the dead in the iTunes antitrust trial on Friday, speaking for more than 20 minutes to jurors through his videotaped deposition. Now three big media companies want to access that video and make it public. Bloomberg, The Associated Press, and CNN intervened in the iTunes case seeking access to the video. Apple has opposed their motion, while the plaintiffs, a class of eight million consumers as well as iPod resellers, took no position. Jobs was on medical leave at the time of the 2011 deposition and was in frail health. Questioned by plaintiffs' lawyers, he spoke about his recollection of RealNetworks and how their music DRM system interacted with iTunes. A transcript of the deposition (PDF) has been public since October. Read 17 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Canonical yesterday unveiled a new version of Ubuntu that's designed for the cloud, saying it ditches the traditional apt-get system in favor of "transactional updates" that mimic the simplicity of phone updates. Ubuntu Core, the new version, "is a minimal server image with the same libraries as today’s Ubuntu, but applications are provided through a simpler mechanism," Canonical said. Applications are more secure because they're isolated from each other within containers, the company explained. Ubuntu Core is in beta on Microsoft Azure and can be run locally on the KVM hypervisor. It's optimized to run in conjunction with Docker, software that automates the deployment of applications within containers. "This is in a sense the biggest break with tradition in 10 years of Ubuntu, because Ubuntu Core doesn’t use debs or apt-get," Canonical founder Mark Shuttleworth wrote. "We call it 'snappy' because that’s the new bullet-proof mechanism for app delivery and system updates; it’s completely different to the traditional package-based Ubuntu server and desktop. The snappy system keeps each part of Ubuntu in a separate, read-only file and does the same for each application. That way, developers can deliver everything they need to be confident their app will work exactly as they intend, and we can take steps to keep the various apps isolated from one another and ensure that updates are always perfect. Of course, that means that apt-get won’t work, but that’s OK since developers can reuse debs to make their snappy apps, and the core system is exactly the same as any other Ubuntu system—server or desktop." Read 3 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
When piecing together the story of human capabilities, one of the most useful sources of evidence available is the presence or absence of an ability in other species. Humans make art; chimpanzees do not. This gives us some clues about the time bracket where we should search for the emergence of symbolic and abstract thinking. It wasn’t clear whether extinct species of humans like Neanderthals engaged in these behaviors until earlier this year, when a group of researchers announced evidence of Neanderthal etchings in a cave wall from more than 39,000 years ago. Now, a new paper in Nature reports a more startling discovery: etchings on a shell that date back to 500,000 years ago, created by an entirely different species: Homo erectus. The shell was actually found with the first Homo erectus skeleton, Java Man, but has sat in a collection until recently re-analyzed. The intentional creation of abstract patterns is seen as a major step in cognitive evolution, no matter how simple the patterns. It is “generally interpreted as indicative of modern cognition and behavior,” write the researchers who discovered the shell etchings. If Homo erectus was carving abstract patterns, it means that they were capable of more advanced cognition and motor control than previously thought. Read 9 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
During its early history, the Earth was struck by enough material falling from space to have boiled off its oceans—and that's ignoring the fact that the entire surface of the planet was vaporized by the collision that formed the Moon. This means that Earth wasn't in any condition to look like the blue marble we see today, with abundant oceans and an atmosphere. So where did all the water come from? Once the pace of collisions slackened, each impact was able to deliver material to the Earth that wasn't immediately boiled off by the next one. Over time, objects returned the Earth to its watery state. But scientists have been debating over which objects for quite some time, with the pendulum swinging back and forth between asteroids and comets. Now, thanks to Rosetta's visit to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, asteroids are looking like a better bet. Tracing the origin of water isn't as simple as running the numbers on a license plate. But the Solar System provides a helpful clue in the form of deuterium, a heavier isotope of hydrogen. Closer to the Sun, processes seem to have led to an exchange between deuterium and hydrogen, leaving those regions with a relatively low abundance of the heavier isotope. More distant bodies, which received less radiation from the Sun, have much more deuterium than bodies in the inner Solar System. In general, it appears that there was a nearly linear increase in deuterium as distance from the Sun increased. Read 7 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
One of the founders of The Pirate Bay (TPB) has bid good riddance to the site that he helped build a decade ago, which may have been definitively shuttered this week. In a Tuesday blog post, Peter Sunde, who was released last month after having served five months in a Swedish prison for his role in aiding copyright infringement via The Pirate Bay, wrote: TPB has become an institution that people just expected to be there. No one willing to take the technology further. The site was ugly, full of bugs, old code and old design. It never changed except for one thing – the ads. More and more ads was filling the site, and somehow when it felt unimaginable to make these ads more distasteful they somehow ended up even worse. The original deal with TPB was to close it down on its tenth birthday. Instead, on that birthday, there was a party in its "honour" in Stockholm. It was sponsored by some sexist company that sent young girls, dressed in almost no clothes, to hand out freebies to potential customers. There was a ticket price to get in, automatically excluding people with no money. The party had a set lineup with artists, scenes and so on, instead of just asking the people coming to bring the content. Everything went against the ideals that I worked for during my time as part of TPB. Sunde did not respond to Ars’ request for further comment. Read 3 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
While the Oculus Rift isn't a consumer product yet, that hasn't stopped a lot of fans (this author included) from investing in a Rift development kit, just to get a taste of what the future of virtual reality will look like. The user experience greeting those users is about as unfriendly as you'd expect a development environment to be. Setup involves not just tethering a bunch of wires to the computer and motion-tracking camera, but also downloading and installing an SDK and runtime environment, fiddling with OS-level monitor settings and hard-to-move focus adjustment knobs, and often figuring out how to launch beta/demo apps with the proper settings to get them to simply show up correctly on the Rift. The Gear VR Innovator Edition might not be a mass consumer product yet, according to Oculus, but after spending a few hours with it, I'm impressed with how much progress Samsung and Oculus have made toward making VR a truly plug-and-play experience. Out of the box, the most complicated bit of hardware setup consists of looping the top strap through the hooks on the front and back of the unit and adjusting the velcro straps so they are attached on the correct sides. After that, you simply pop off the translucent protector on the front, snap the Galaxy Note 4 into its USB cradle, and... take it right back out of the cradle. Yes, the oddest moment of setting up the Gear VR is the moment you plug it in and hear a robotic voice coming from the phone's speakers telling you to take it right back out again. That's so you can download the Oculus Home app and other utilities onto the phone in a boring, old, 2D, non-VR handheld Android interface. The downloads amount to a few hundred megabytes altogether and took a surprisingly long time compared to similar downloads over the same Wi-Fi connection (thankfully, a good deal of the larger audiovisual demo content is preloaded on the 16GB microSD card that comes with the Gear VR). Read 11 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
15 more images in gallery .related-stories { display: none !important; } CN.dart.call("xrailTop", {sz:"300x250", kws:[], collapse: true});As was leaked about a month ago, Android Wear has gotten its second feature update since the launch in June. The biggest addition is an official watch face API, which, as you can see above, Google has already shared with select developers. Since the launch of Android Wear, people have been hacking together custom watch faces, but those have all used undocumented APIs. This official supported way to make a watch face (details here) gives developers much more control over the layout. Users will need a way to find all these new watch faces, so Google is launching a new section in the Play Store specifically for this new class of app. The Android Wear companion app is being updated, too, which will give users an easy way to browse, download, and swap watch faces. Read 4 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
Warehouse workers for Amazon.com can be forced to spend as much as 25 minutes off the clock to undergo security screenings at the end of their shift, the Supreme Court declared Monday. The justices ruled [PDF] 9-0 against the workers at two Integrity Staffing Solutions warehouses in Nevada, locations where Amazon merchandise is shipped and processed. According to the class-action, workers at the Amazon contract facility claimed they were not paid for the nearly half-hour screening process in which they had to pass through metal detectors and remove their belts, wallets, keys and other metal objects. Hundreds of millions of dollars were at stake, and the decision bolsters employers such as Apple, too, legal filings in the case said. Amazon disputed the allegations and said the screening process took only 90 seconds. Read 5 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
If you have an AT&T unlimited data plan and are looking for a creative way to avoid throttling, you’re probably gonna have a bad time. As we reported last week, AT&T is still throttling unlimited LTE plans once users hit 5GB in a month, even when there’s no network congestion. That’s despite a lawsuit filed against AT&T by the Federal Trade Commission and criticism from Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler. However, AT&T imposes a less-strict policy on non-LTE plans—those users are only throttled in times and places where the network is congested. AT&T claims there is some kind of technological limitation preventing it from treating all customers the same but that it will eliminate the gap sometime next year. “Once technologically available, we expect to adopt the same model for customers with 4G LTE smartphones on unlimited plans sometime in 2015,” the company told Ars last week. Read 14 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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posted 11 days ago on ars technica
The first wave of iPhones and iPads in the workplace got there because users brought them in, and now Apple is trying to capitalize on the "bring your own device" phenomenon by offering the kinds of things IT managers like: support, manageability, and Serious Business Apps. Those are the kinds of things that the company's partnership with IBM is about. Today Apple and IBM announced the first wave of business-friendly apps to spring from this partnership—these will generally be of little interest to consumers, but they do give us some idea of the kinds of things IBM is doing for Apple. The list includes apps for pilots and flight crews, bankers, insurance agents, caseworkers, law enforcement, retail managers and salespeople, and tech support staff. iPhones and iPads could be used for any or all of this stuff before, of course, but IBM's apps may save companies the trouble of developing in-house solutions, and the promise of prompt hardware support and device management will help sell iDevices to managers who are typically more comfortable with traditional Windows-based workstations. Read 1 remaining paragraphs | Comments

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